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Argentina

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Author Info

  • Gabriela Inchauste
  • Ana Corbacho
  • Mercedes Garcia-Escribano

Abstract

Using urban household surveys, we constructed a panel dataset to study the effects of the Argentine macroeconomic crisis of 1999-2002 with the aim of (1) identifying the most vulnerable households, (2) investigating whether employment in the public sector and government spending served to decrease vulnerability, and (3) understanding the mechanisms used by households to smooth the effects of the crisis. Households whose heads were male, less educated, and employed in the construction sector were more vulnerable to the crisis, experiencing larger-than-average declines in income and higher dispersion. Households whose heads were employed in the public sector were more protected from the crisis, although higher public spending did not serve to decrease their vulnerability. A significant source of vulnerability was linked to changes in employment status, and we studied the determinants of the probability of being unemployed and of becoming unemployed. Last, we found that households were unable to perfectly smooth income shocks. Given these results, there is room for broadening social safety nets, particularly in the form of public works programs.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Working Papers with number 03/89.

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Length: 38
Date of creation: 01 Apr 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:03/89

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Related research

Keywords: Employment; Government expenditures; unemployment; unemployed; unemployment insurance; unemployment rates; household welfare; severance; social safety nets; social assistance; employment status; underemployment; elderly; social protection; social programs; incidence of unemployment; employment levels; unemployment duration; social security; social insurance; labor force participation; unemployment benefits; welfare programs; social assistance programs; high unemployment rate; unemployment spells; unemployment rate; social welfare system; eligibility criteria; social protection scheme; social assistance expenditures; social services; welfare system; high unemployment; social welfare; effects on employment; employment source; labor force participation rates; temporary employment; elderly people; social safety net; income from employment; handicapped; living conditions; unemployed adults; employment volatility; labor demand; employment fluctuations; direct social assistance; labor participation;

References

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  1. Martin Ravallion, 1999. "Is More Targeting Consistent with Less Spending?," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 6(3), pages 411-419, August.
  2. Stephanie Eble & Petya Koeva, 2002. "What Determines Individual Preferences over Reform? Microeconomic Evidence from Russia," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 49(Special i), pages 87-110.
  3. Jalan, Jyotsna & Ravallion, Martin, 1999. "Income gains to the poor from workfare - estimates for Argentina's TRABAJAR Program," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2149, The World Bank.
  4. Nada Choueiri & Graciela Laura Kaminsky, 1999. "Has the Nature of Crises Changed? A L1812Quarter Century of Currency Crises in Argentina," IMF Working Papers 99/152, International Monetary Fund.
  5. Ana Corbacho & Gerd Schwartz, 2002. "Mexico," IMF Working Papers 02/12, International Monetary Fund.
  6. E. Jenkner & Arye L. Hillman, 2002. "User Payments for Basic Education in Low-Income Countries," IMF Working Papers 02/182, International Monetary Fund.
  7. Frankenberg, E. & Thomas, D. & Beegle, K., 1999. "The Real Costs of Indonesia's Economic Crisis: Preliminary Findings from the Indonesia Family Life Surveys," Papers 99-04, RAND - Labor and Population Program.
  8. Martin Uribe, 1996. "The Tequila effect: theory and evidence from Argentina," International Finance Discussion Papers 552, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  9. Oscar Altimir, 2001. "Long-term trends of poverty in Latin American countries," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 28(1 Year 20), pages 115-155, June.
  10. Ricardo J. Caballero, 2000. "Structural Volatility in Argentina: A Policy Report," Research Department Publications 4213, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  11. World Bank, 2001. "Household Risk, Self-Insurance and Coping Strategies in Urban Argentina," World Bank Other Operational Studies 15467, The World Bank.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Martín González-Rozada, Mirta Molinari and Mario Virgolini, 2008. "The Economic Impact of Smoke-Free Laws on the Sales of Bars and Restaurants in Argentina," Business School Working Papers 2008-03, Universidad Torcuato Di Tella.
  2. Calderon, Cesar & Yeyati, Eduardo Levy, 2009. "Zooming in : from aggregate volatility to income distribution," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4895, The World Bank.
  3. Bedi, Arjun S. & Iturriza, Ana & Sparrow, Robert, 2009. "Unemployment Assistance and Transition to Employment in Argentina," Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Frankfurt a.M. 2009 1, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics.
  4. Fields, Gary S. & Sanchez Puerta, Maria Laura, 2008. "Earnings Mobility in Times of Growth and Decline: Argentina from 1996 to 2003," Working Paper Series RP2008/06, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  5. Hugo Ñopo & Giorgina Pizzolitto & José Cuesta, 2007. "Usando pseudopaneles para medir la movilidad del ingreso en América," Research Department Publications 4558, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  6. Saleem, Kashif, 2009. "International linkage of the Russian market and the Russian financial crisis: A multivariate GARCH analysis," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 243-256, September.
  7. Khan, Salman & Batteau, Pierre, 2011. "Should the government directly intervene in stock market during a crisis?," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 51(4), pages 350-359.
  8. Cuesta, Jose & Nopo, Hugo & Pizzolitto, Georgina, 2011. "Using Pseudo-Panels to Measure Income Mobility in Latin America," IZA Discussion Papers 5449, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. Caroline Harper & Nicola Jones & Andy McKay, 2010. "Including Children in Policy Responses to Economic Crises," Working papers 1003, UNICEF,Division of Policy and Strategy.
  10. Saleem, Kashif, 2008. "International linkage of the Russian market and the Russian financial crisis: A multivariate GARCH analysis," BOFIT Discussion Papers 8/2008, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
  11. Agarwal, Sumit & Chomsisengphet, Souphala & Hassler, Olivier, 2005. "The impact of the 2001 financial crisis and the economic policy responses on the Argentine mortgage market," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 242-270, September.

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