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Trade, Finance, Specialization, and Synchronization

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  • Jean Imbs

Abstract

The paper investigates the determinants of business cycles synchronization across regions. It uses both international and intranational data to evaluate the linkages between trade in goods, trade in financial assets, specialization and business cycles synchronization using a system of simultaneous equations. The results are as follows: (i) Simultaneity is important, as both trade and financial openness have a direct and an indirect effect on cycle synchronization. (ii) A variety of alternative measures of financial integration suggest that regions with strong financial links are significantly more synchronized, though they are also more specialized. (iii) Specialization patterns have a sizable effect on business cycles, beyond their reflection of intra-industry trade, and of openness to goods and assets trade. (iv) The estimated role of trade is in line with existing models once intra-industry trade is controlled for. The results relate to a recent strand of international business cycle models with incomplete markets and transport costs, and, on the empirical side, point to an important omission in the usual criteria defining an optimal currency area, namely specialization patterns.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Working Papers with number 03/81.

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Length: 44
Date of creation: 01 Apr 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:03/81

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Keywords: Trade; Financial sector; Currency boards; financial integration; equation; correlations; correlation; bilateral trade; statistics; capital flows; heteroscedasticity; equations; sensitivity analysis; trade intensity; covariance; international trade; simultaneous equations; financial markets; simultaneous equation; sampling; international financial; trade barriers; sampling error; estimation method; time series; outlier; trade integration; globalization; foreign assets; fitted value; net foreign assets; international financial contagion; standard errors; logarithms; direction of trade statistics; international economic policy; foreign asset; net foreign asset; trade partners; international integration; globalization of securities markets; descriptive statistics; international financial statistics; data analysis; prediction; instrumental variable; financial globalization; foreign asset position; net foreign asset position; financial statistics; least squares methods; exchange rates; real variables; globalization of securities;

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