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The Economic Consequences of HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa

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  • Markus Haacker

Abstract

The paper provides an analysis of the impact of HIV/AIDS on the health sector, public education, the supply of labor and the returns to training in nine Southern African countries. Drawing on the preceding sections, it assesses the impact of HIV/AIDS on per capita income in a neoclassical growth framework. HIV/AIDS affects per capita income mainly through its impact of human capital, as measured by the supply of experienced workers. Other factors include the impact on capital accumulation, on education, and on total factor productivity.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Working Papers with number 02/38.

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Length: 41
Date of creation: 01 Feb 2002
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:02/38

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References

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Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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  1. David E. Bloom & Ajay S. Mahal, 1995. "Does the AIDS Epidemic Really Threaten Economic Growth?," NBER Working Papers 5148, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Cuddington, John T. & Hancock, John D. & Rogers, Carol Ann, 1994. "A dynamic aggregative model of the AIDS epidemic with possible policy interventions," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 16(5), pages 473-496, October.
  3. Markus Haacker, 2001. "Providing Health Care to HIV Patients in Southern Africa," IMF Policy Discussion Papers 01/3, International Monetary Fund.
  4. Ainsworth, Martha & Over, Mead, 1994. "AIDS and African Development," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 9(2), pages 203-40, July.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Glenn-marie Lange, 2004. "Wealth, Natural Capital, and Sustainable Development: Contrasting Examples from Botswana and Namibia," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 29(3), pages 257-283, November.
  2. Johansson, Lars, 2006. "Fiscal Implications of Aids in South Africa," Research Papers in Economics 2006:11, Stockholm University, Department of Economics.
  3. Pedro Cavalcanti Ferreira & Samuel Pessôa & Marcelo Rodrigues Dos Santos, 2011. "The Impact Of Aids On Income And Human Capital," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 49(4), pages 1104-1116, October.
  4. Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan, 2012. "AIDS, “reversal” of the demographic transition and economic development: evidence from Africa," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 25(3), pages 871-897, July.
  5. Markus Haacker & Gonzalo Salinas, 2006. "HIV/AIDS: The Impact on Poverty and Inequality," IMF Working Papers 06/126, International Monetary Fund.
  6. John Anyanwu & Ejikeme Okonkwo & Yaovi Gassesse Siliadin, 2012. "Working Paper 148 - Role of Fiscal Policy in Tackling the HIV/AIDS Epidemic in Southern Africa," Working Paper Series 380, African Development Bank.
  7. Cogneau, Denis & Grimm, Michael, 2002. "AIDS and Income Distribution in Africa. A Micro-simulation Study for Côte d'Ivoire," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/4567, Paris Dauphine University.
  8. Gary G. Moser & Toshihiro Ichida, 2001. "Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa," IMF Working Papers 01/112, International Monetary Fund.
  9. Louise Roos, 2013. "Modelling the impact of HIV/AIDS: A literature review," Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre Working Papers g-233, Victoria University, Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre.
  10. Vandenbosch, Tom & Nanok, Tutui & Tollens, Eric, 2004. "The Role Of Relevant Basic Education In Achieving Food Security And Sustainable Rural Development," Working Papers 31843, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centre for Agricultural and Food Economics.
  11. Edwards, Jeffrey A. & Al-Hmoud, Rashid & Fawaz, Fadi, 2007. "The effects of HIV/AIDS infections and mortality on saving and investment," MPRA Paper 36308, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  12. Emmanuel Brou Aka & Bernardin Akitoby & Amor Tahari & Dhaneshwar Ghura, 2004. "Sources of Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa," IMF Working Papers 04/176, International Monetary Fund.
  13. Garima Malik, 2006. "An Examination of the Relationship between Health and Economic Growth," Macroeconomics Working Papers 22173, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  14. Markus Haacker, 2002. "Modeling the Macroeconomic Impact of HIV/AIDS," IMF Working Papers 02/195, International Monetary Fund.
  15. World Bank, 2007. "Lesotho - Managing Government Finances for Growth and Poverty Reduction : Public Expenditure Management and Financial Accountability Review," World Bank Other Operational Studies 7767, The World Bank.
  16. John Serieux, 2007. "Managing the Exchange Rate Consequences of an MDG-Related Scale-up in HIV/AIDS Financing," Conference Paper 1, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
  17. World Bank, 2007. "Malawi : Public Expenditure Review 2006," World Bank Other Operational Studies 7583, The World Bank.
  18. World Bank, 2004. "Zambia - Country Economic Memorandum : Policies for Growth and Diversification, Volume 1. Main Report," World Bank Other Operational Studies 15666, The World Bank.
  19. Lofgren, Hans & Thurlow, James & Robinson, Sherman, 2004. "Prospects for growth and poverty reduction i n Zambia, 2001-2015," DSGD discussion papers 11, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).

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