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The Africa Growth and Opportunity Act and its Rules of Origin

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Author Info

  • Arvind Subramanian
  • Aaditya Mattoo
  • Devesh Roy

Abstract

This paper describes the United States recently enacted Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) and assesses its quantitative impact on African exports. The AGOA expands the scope of preferential access of Africa''s exports to the United States in key areas such as clothing. However, its medium term benefits estimated at about US$100-$140 million, an 8 11 percent addition to current non-oil exports would have been nearly five times greater (US$540 million) if no restrictive conditions had been imposed on the terms of market access. The most important of these conditions are the rules of origin with which African exporters of clothing must comply to benefit from duty-free access.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Working Papers with number 02/158.

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Length: 36
Date of creation: 01 Sep 2002
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:02/158

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Related research

Keywords: Trade; rules of origin; export supply; oil exports; exporters; preferential access; apparel exports; apparel sector; export quotas; tariff rate; total exports; domestic price; duty free; tariff preferences; exporting countries; liberal rules; duty-free access; free restrictive rules of origin; transport costs; trade promotion; tariff equivalent; transport equipment; global mfn tariffs; importing country; duty-free treatment; export growth; average tariff; tariff lines; unskilled labor; partial equilibrium; world price; exporter; trading opportunities; trade agreements; export tax equivalents; tariff barriers; export tax; trade promotion authority; equilibrium model; preferential treatment; free trade areas; worker rights; trade liberalization; transport cost; average tariffs; export interest; apparel international trade diversion; trade areas; free trade agreements; high tariffs; export duty; quota-free access; trade theory; countries ? exports; market for exports; round agreement; economic integration; trade relations; global trade analysis; preferential arrangements; value-added ? rule; trade restrictions; national security; economic cooperation; elasticity of export; world economy; import demand; tariff-inclusive price; per capita income; agricultural commodities; preferential arrangement; domestic prices; free entry; metal products; dynamic benefits; zero tariff; protectionist devices;

References

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Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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  1. Anne O. Krueger, 1993. "Free Trade Agreements as Protectionist Devices: Rules of Origin," NBER Working Papers 4352, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Bernard Hoekman & Francis Ng & Marcelo Olarreaga, 2002. "Eliminating Excessive Tariffs on Exports of Least Developed Countries," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 16(1), pages 1-21, June.
  3. Natalia T. Tamirisa & Arvind Subramanian, 2001. "Africa's Trade Revisted," IMF Working Papers 01/33, International Monetary Fund.
  4. Kala Krishna & Anne Krueger, 1995. "Implementing Free Trade Areas: Rules of Origin and Hidden Protection," NBER Working Papers 4983, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Rod Falvey & Geoff Reed, 1998. "Economic effects of rules of origin," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 134(2), pages 209-229, June.
  6. Arvind Subramanian & Devesh Roy, 2001. "Who Can Explain the Mauritian Miracle," IMF Working Papers 01/116, International Monetary Fund.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Nouve, Kofi & Staatz, John M., 2003. "Has Agoa Increased Agricultural Exports From Sub-Saharan Africa To The United States?," Staff Papers 11573, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
  2. Hoekman, Bernard & Michalopoulos, Constantine & Winters, L. alan, 2003. "More favorable and differential treatment of developing countries : toward a new approach in the World Trade Organization," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3107, The World Bank.
  3. Antoine Bouët & Lionel Fontagné & Sébastien Jean, 2005. "Is Erosion of Tariff Preferences a Serious Concern?," Working Papers 2005-14, CEPII research center.
  4. Berisha-Krasniqi, Valdete & Bouet, Antoine & Mevel, Simon, 2008. "Economic partnership agreements between the European Union and African, Caribbean, and Pacific Countries: What is at stake for Senegal," IFPRI discussion papers 765, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  5. Amiti, Mary & Romalis, John, 2007. "Will the Doha Round Lead to Preference Erosion?," CEPR Discussion Papers 6372, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  6. Saleh M. Nsouli & Norbert Funke, 2003. "The New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) Opportunities and Challenges," IMF Working Papers 03/69, International Monetary Fund.
  7. World Bank, 2007. "Vertical and Regional Integration to Promote African Textiles and Clothing Exports : A Close Knit Family?," World Bank Other Operational Studies 7901, The World Bank.
  8. Hoekman, Bernard, 2002. "Developing Countries and the Political Economy of the Trading System," Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  9. Kala Krishna, 2005. "Understanding Rules of Origin," NBER Working Papers 11150, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Emilio T. Antonio Jr. & Ma. Cherry Lyn S. Rodolfo, 2006. "Assessment of Competitiveness and Logistics Infrastructure of the Philippine Garments Industry," Trade Working Papers 22609, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  11. Nouve, Kofi & Staatz, John M., 2003. "The African Growth And Opportunity Act And The Latent Agricultural Export Response In Sub-Saharan Africa," 2003 Annual meeting, July 27-30, Montreal, Canada 21917, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  12. Salvador Gil-Pareja, 2011. "Do nonreciprocal preference regimes increase exports?," ERSA conference papers ersa11p1561, European Regional Science Association.
  13. Mahia, R. & Arce, Rafael de & Escribano, Gonzalo, 2005. "La protección arancelaria al comercio agrícola mundial diez años después de la firma del acuerdo sobre agricultura de la Ronda Uruguay
    [Agricultural Trade Barriers 10 years later Uruguay Round
    ," MPRA Paper 10460, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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