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Regional Labor Market Disparities in Belgium

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  • Marcello M. Estevão

Abstract

Regional labor market discrepancies have been widening in Belgium in the last two decades and are more evident within particular demographic groups. These developments can largely be accounted for by worse matching of people to jobs in the high-unemployment provinces. Using a structural VAR, it is also shown that labor market dynamics in Belgium produce a strong attenuating effect on employment growth, in contrast to the United States where initial labor demand shocks are expanded in the long run. After the short-run adjustment is over, there is less labor migration in Belgium than in the United States or Europe, corroborating the perception that Belgians move "too little."

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Working Papers with number 02/134.

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Length: 29
Date of creation: 01 Aug 2002
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:02/134

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Keywords: Labor; unemployment; employment; labor force participation; labor force; unemployment rate; labor demand; unemployment rates; labor market; employment growth; labor force participation rates; labor force participation rate; jobs; labor markets; unemployed; long-term unemployment; labor market performance; labor costs; aggregate employment; beveridge curve; regional unemployment; local total employment; labor market dynamics; labor force survey; employment rates; employment rate; employment performance; unemployed individuals; average unemployment rates; local labor markets; labor migration; labor supply; labor mobility; labor market adjustment; overall employment; total unemployment; labor force growth; average unemployment; aggregate unemployment; aggregate unemployment rates; labor market efficiency; unemployed people; employment increase; employment record; employment level; effect on employment; unemployment level; job vacancies; sectoral employment; employment outlook; job skills; employment creation; employment history; employment data; local unemployment; unemployment benefit; youth unemployment rates; national employment; employability; labor force data; rate of unemployment; youth unemployment; employment experiences; employment goals; total employment growth; training costs;

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  1. Olivier Jean Blanchard & Lawrence F. Katz, 1992. "Regional Evolutions," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 23(1), pages 1-76.
  2. Decressin, Jörg & Fatás, Antonio, 1994. "Regional Labour Market Dynamics in Europe," CEPR Discussion Papers 1085, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Paolo Mauro & Antonio Spilimbergo, 1998. "How Do the Skilled and the Unskilled Respond to Regional Shocks? the Case of Spain," IMF Working Papers 98/77, International Monetary Fund.
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