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  • Ana Corbacho
  • Gerd Schwartz


Against the background of Mexico''s persistently high degree of inequality, this paper analyzes the country''s experience with pro-poor policies over the last decade. A number of important government initiatives, implemented since the mid-1990s, have aimed at improving distributional equity through pro-poor expenditure programs, while at the same time seeking to increase the efficiency of public spending. This paper reviews these initiatives and outlines some additional policy options.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Working Papers with number 02/12.

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Length: 55
Date of creation: 01 Jan 2002
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:02/12

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Keywords: Income distribution; expenditure; health care; health expenditure; expenditures; social expenditure; household income; health care expenditure; public expenditure; health insurance; public health; health care system; income groups; public health care; total expenditure; social expenditures; expenditure policies; informal sector; expenditure programs; expenditure survey; infant mortality; government expenditure; health care reform; public spending; life insurance; fiscal policy; hospital beds; hospital care; education expenditures; household expenditure; private insurance; health sector; share of health expenditure; private health insurance; medical insurance; expenditure items; medical services; health service; moral hazard; health coverage; health care needs; monthly premium; health care services; private spending; financial responsibilities; health care sector; health insurance program; administrative costs; sector expenditure; health care costs; adverse selection; health care financing; income households; health resources; health status indicators; health-care; health insurance coverage; capital income; access to health care; poverty-reducing expenditures; health care consumption; public expenditures; expenditure data; public health system; health system; distribution of expenditure; expenditure incidence; public expenditure policies; medical attention; total expenditures; capita health care expenditure; input mix; public providers; informal sector workers; vaccinations; health-sector; national health; income population; health institutions; insurance coverage;


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Cited by:
  1. World Bank, 2004. "Mexico : Public Expenditure Review, Volume 2. Main Report," World Bank Other Operational Studies 15660, The World Bank.
  2. Gabriela Inchauste & Ana Corbacho & Mercedes Garcia-Escribano, 2003. "Argentina," IMF Working Papers 03/89, International Monetary Fund.
  3. Shirkosh, Mehdi, 2005. "The Case for an International Minimum Wage in the Context of Free Trade," MPRA Paper 2463, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Moises J Schwartz & Xie Ping & Y Venugopal Reddy, 2002. "Discussion of 'China as a Window to the World: Trade Openness, Living Standards and Income Inequality' and 'Towards an Indian Approach to Globalisation'," RBA Annual Conference Volume, Reserve Bank of Australia, in: David Gruen & Terry O'Brien & Jeremy Lawson (ed.), Globalisation, Living Standards and Inequality: Recent Progress and Continuing Challenges Reserve Bank of Australia.
  5. World Bank, 2003. "Azerbaijan : Public Expenditure Review," World Bank Other Operational Studies 13825, The World Bank.
  6. Caroline Harper & Nicola Jones & Andy McKay, 2010. "Including Children in Policy Responses to Economic Crises," Working papers, UNICEF,Division of Policy and Strategy 1003, UNICEF,Division of Policy and Strategy.
  7. Gerardo Esquivel, 2011. "The Dynamics of Income Inequality in Mexico since NAFTA," JOURNAL OF LACEA ECONOMIA, LACEA - LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION.


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