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Bank Competition and Firm Creation

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  • Giovanni Dell'Ariccia

Abstract

This paper investigates the empirical relationship between competition in the financial sector and the creation of firms in the non-financial sector. It finds that bank competition has an overall positive effect on firm creation. However, consistent with theories of banking arguing that competition may reduce the availability of credit to informationally opaque firms, it also finds that asymmetric information limits the overall positive effect of bank competition on firm creation. Indeed, bank competition is less favorable to the emergence of new firms in industrial sectors where informational asymmetries are more important, and in extreme cases has a negative effect.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Working Papers with number 01/21.

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Length: 39
Date of creation: 01 Jan 2001
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:01/21

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Keywords: Banking; Economic growth; Economic models; competition; bank competition; banking industry; degree of competition; bank credit; monopoly; banking sector; banking system; monopoly power; competitive market; banking markets; mergers; antitrust; commercial loan; market concentration; bank structure; bank financing; bank size; banking market; competition in market; lower concentration; banking structure; dynamic measures of competition; degree of market power; bank deposit; antitrust bulletin; bank market; effects of mergers; bankruptcy procedure; barrier to entry; standard structure-conduct-performance; concentration ratios; bank performance; bankers; bank profits; market competition; bank lending; information asymmetry;

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References

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  1. Luigi Guiso & Paola Sapienza & Luigi Zingales, 2000. "The Role of Social Capital in Financial Development," NBER Working Papers 7563, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  7. Petersen, Mitchell A & Rajan, Raghuram G, 1995. "The Effect of Credit Market Competition on Lending Relationships," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 110(2), pages 407-43, May.
  8. Sharpe, Steven A, 1990. " Asymmetric Information, Bank Lending, and Implicit Contracts: A Stylized Model of Customer Relationships," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 45(4), pages 1069-87, September.
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  15. Nicola Cetorelli & Michele Gambera, 1999. "Banking market structure, financial dependence and growth: international evidence from industry data," Working Paper Series WP-99-8, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
  16. Petersen, Mitchell A & Rajan, Raghuram G, 1994. " The Benefits of Lending Relationships: Evidence from Small Business Data," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 49(1), pages 3-37, March.
  17. Besanko, David & Thakor, Anjan V., 1992. "Banking deregulation: Allocational consequences of relaxing entry barriers," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 16(5), pages 909-932, September.
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  19. Bonaccorsi di Patti, Emilia & Gobbi, Giorgio, 2001. "The changing structure of local credit markets: Are small businesses special?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(12), pages 2209-2237, December.
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