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Macroeconomic Policies and Poverty Reduction

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Author Info

  • Paul Cashin
  • Catherine A. Pattillo
  • Ratna Sahay
  • Paolo Mauro

Abstract

This paper provides a brief and selective overview of research on the links between macroeconomic policies and poverty reduction. Using the Human Development Index as a measure of well-being, the progress made by 100 countries during 1975–98 is presented, and its association with macroeconomic factors is explored. Several potential avenues for future research are also outlined.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Working Papers with number 01/135.

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Length: 29
Date of creation: 01 Sep 2001
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:01/135

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Keywords: Poverty; Income distribution; IMF; trade liberalization; distribution of income; external debt; per capita income; income growth; distributional effects; trade reform; terms of trade; poverty alleviation; transition economies; poverty line; effects of trade liberalization; incidence of poverty; international financial institutions; fiscal policy; direct impact; balance of payments; aggregate demand; financial institutions; market liberalization; household survey data; trade openness; country regressions; reform programs; household survey; political economy; black market premium; output growth; data collection; transitional unemployment; social safety nets; domestic consumption; data sources; external shocks; factor price; household effects; trade regimes; country evidence; analytical issues; import quotas; value-added taxes; transition countries; macroeconomic policies on poverty; analysis of poverty; market segmentation; freeing trade; open economy; country work; process of development; impact of trade; living standards; terms of trade shocks; agricultural incentives; income groups; skilled workers; household surveys; computable general equilibrium; foreign trade; domestic credit markets; analytical framework; data availability; data collection efforts; impact of reforms; household consumption; fiscal deficit; trade shocks; international trade; domestic market; factor endowments; multiplier decomposition method; changes in poverty; impact of trade liberalization; unskilled workers; indirect taxes;

References

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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  1. Eliana Cardoso, 1992. "Inflation and Poverty," NBER Working Papers 4006, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Galor, Oded & Zeira, Joseph, 1988. "Income Distribution and Macroeconomics," MPRA Paper 51644, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 01 Sep 1989.
  3. Thorbecke, Erik & Jung, Hong-Sang, 1996. "A multiplier decomposition method to analyze poverty alleviation," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 279-300, March.
  4. Ravallion, Martin & Shaohua Chen, 1996. "What can new survey data tell us about recent changes in distribution and poverty?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1694, The World Bank.
  5. Perotti, Roberto, 1996. " Growth, Income Distribution, and Democracy: What the Data Say," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, Springer, vol. 1(2), pages 149-87, June.
  6. Harrison, Ann & Hanson, Gordon, 1999. "Who gains from trade reform? Some remaining puzzles," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 59(1), pages 125-154, June.
  7. Garuda, Gopal, 2000. "The Distributional Effects of IMF Programs: A Cross-Country Analysis," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 28(6), pages 1031-1051, June.
  8. Gaurav Datt & Martin Ravallion, 1998. "Farm productivity and rural poverty in India," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(4), pages 62-85.
  9. Deininger, Klaus & Squire, Lyn, 1998. "New ways of looking at old issues: inequality and growth," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 57(2), pages 259-287.
  10. Easterly, William & Fischer, Stanley, 2000. "Inflation and the poor," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2335, The World Bank.
  11. Kanbur, Ravi & Lustig, Nora, 1999. "Why is Inequality Back on the Agenda?," Working Papers, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management 127690, Cornell University, Department of Applied Economics and Management.
  12. Spilimbergo, Antonio & Londono, Juan Luis & Szekely, Miguel, 1999. "Income distribution, factor endowments, and trade openness," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 59(1), pages 77-101, June.
  13. International Monetary Fund, 2002. "Financial Crises, Poverty, and Income Distribution," IMF Working Papers 02/4, International Monetary Fund.
  14. Ravallion, Martin, 1997. "Can high-inequality developing countries escape absolute poverty?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1775, The World Bank.
  15. Dicks-Mireaux, Louis & Mecagni, Mauro & Schadler, Susan, 2000. "Evaluating the effect of IMF lending to low-income countries," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 61(2), pages 495-526, April.
  16. Wood, Adrian, 1997. "Openness and Wage Inequality in Developing Countries: The Latin American Challenge to East Asian Conventional Wisdom," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, World Bank Group, vol. 11(1), pages 33-57, January.
  17. Anand, Sudhir & Kanbur, S. M. R., 1993. "Inequality and development A critique," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 19-43, June.
  18. Beyer, Harald & Rojas, Patricio & Vergara, Rodrigo, 1999. "Trade liberalization and wage inequality," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 59(1), pages 103-123, June.
  19. Banerjee, Abhijit V & Newman, Andrew F, 1993. "Occupational Choice and the Process of Development," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(2), pages 274-98, April.
  20. Demery, Lionel & Squire, Lyn, 1996. "Macroeconomic Adjustment and Poverty in Africa: An Emerging Picture," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, World Bank Group, vol. 11(1), pages 39-59, February.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Caroline M. Robb, 2003. "Poverty and Social Impact Analysis," IMF Working Papers 03/43, International Monetary Fund.
  2. Julian Ramajo & Javier Salinas & Francisco Pedraja & Miguel Márquez, 2007. "Competition in the allocation of public spending: a new model to analyse the interaction between expenditure categories," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 8(4), pages 1-7.
  3. Hermann Sautter, 2002. "Equity and growth – an uneasy relationship," Ibero America Institute for Econ. Research (IAI) Discussion Papers, Ibero-America Institute for Economic Research 089, Ibero-America Institute for Economic Research.
  4. Biaggio Bossone & Abdourahmane Sarr, 2002. "A New Financial System for Poverty Reduction and Growth," IMF Working Papers 02/178, International Monetary Fund.
  5. Mark Beeson & Iyanatul Islam, 2005. "Neo-liberalism and East Asia: Resisting the Washington Consensus," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(2), pages 197-219.
  6. Anne Epaulard, 2003. "Macroeconomic Performance and Poverty Reduction," IMF Working Papers 03/72, International Monetary Fund.
  7. Ismael Sanz & Francisco J. Velázquez, 2003. "Fiscal illusion, fiscal consolidation and government expenditure composition in the OECD: a dynamic panel data approach," European Economy Group Working Papers, European Economy Group 21, European Economy Group.
  8. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:8:y:2007:i:4:p:1-7 is not listed on IDEAS
  9. Celso Nunes, 2008. "Poverty Measurement: The Development of Different Approaches and Its Techniques," Working Papers 93, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
  10. Oberdabernig, Doris A., 2013. "Revisiting the Effects of IMF Programs on Poverty and Inequality," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 113-142.

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