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Subsidy Reforms and Poverty Alleviation

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  • Chandra Prakash Bhambhri
  • Parkash Chander

Abstract

This paper presents a general framework for characterizing the optimal pattern of subsidies for poverty alleviation under budgetary constraints and suggests possible reforms for the existing pattern of subsidies. The government may subsidize or tax goods in order to meet its objectives. The paper introduces the concept of a consumer equilibrium and shows that there are cases of equilibria in which reforms can generate not only fiscal savings but also Pareto improve the welfare of both poor and wealthy consumers.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Working Papers with number 01/126.

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Length: 24
Date of creation: 01 Aug 2001
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:01/126

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Related research

Keywords: Poverty; Taxation; Subsidies; subsidy; budgetary constraints; fiscal savings; fiscal balance; food subsidies; fiscal deficit; price subsidy; fiscal affairs department; fiscal affairs; fiscal benefits; government expenditure; fiscal policies; tax revenue; fiscal cost; fiscal implications; cash transfers; government expenditures; price subsidies; subsidizing; fiscal constraint;

References

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  1. Gupta, Sanjeev & Mahler, Walter, 1995. "Taxation of petroleum products : Theory and empirical evidence," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 101-116, April.
  2. Chander, Parkash & Leruth, Luc, 1989. "The optimal product mix for a monopolist in the presence of congestion effects : A model and some results," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 7(4), pages 437-449, December.
  3. Besley, T. & Coate, S., 1989. "Public Provision Of Private Goods And The Redistribution Of Income," Papers 36, Princeton, Woodrow Wilson School - Discussion Paper.
  4. Ehtisham Ahmad & Luc E. Leruth, 2000. "Indonesia," IMF Working Papers 00/102, International Monetary Fund.
  5. Alderman, Harold & Lindert, Kathy, 1998. "The Potential and Limitations of Self-Targeted Food Subsidies," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 13(2), pages 213-29, August.
  6. Mussa, Michael & Rosen, Sherwin, 1978. "Monopoly and product quality," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 301-317, August.
  7. Jaskold Gabszewicz, Jean & Shaked, Avner & Sutton, John & Thisse, Jacques-Francois, 1986. "Segmenting the market: The monopolist's optimal product mix," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 39(2), pages 273-289, August.
  8. Schwartz, Gerd & Clements, Benedict, 1999. " Government Subsidies," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(2), pages 119-47, April.
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