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Demographic Transition in the Middle East

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  • Rina Bhattacharya
  • Tarik Yousef
  • Pierre Dhonte
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    Abstract

    The working age population is expected to grow faster in the Middle East than in any other region in the world between now and 2015—rising annually by 2.7 percent, or 10 million people. This demographic explosion presents the region with a major challenge in terms of providing jobs, incomes, and housing for the growing population, but the expanding labor force can also be seen as an opportunity to generate higher per capita income growth on a sustainable basis. The paper concludes by emphasizing the importance of market-friendly institutions in turning the challenge into opportunity.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Working Papers with number 00/41.

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    Length: 25
    Date of creation: 01 Feb 2000
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:00/41

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    Related research

    Keywords: Economic growth; Employment; Housing; working age population; unemployment; population growth; demography; employment growth; age structure; census; demographic data; demographic transitions; unemployment rate; total population; demographic transition; mortality rates; baby boom; unemployment rates; job creation; age distribution; age group; employment creation; labor force growth; high unemployment; baby boom generation; population economics; population data; working age group; high unemployment rates; young adults; high mortality; employment growth rates; household composition; demographic trends; infant mortality; low fertility; school age population; rates of unemployment; censuses; infant mortality rates; high fertility; employment targets; rapid population growth; full employment; population structure; demographic projections; population growth rates; life tables; population projections; decline in fertility; human settlements; demographic characteristics; employment opportunities; unemployment reduction; unemployment ratio; mortality schedules; distribution of populations; demographics; demographic changes; age-specific fertility; demographic change; life expectancy;

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    Cited by:
    1. Robalino, David & Whitehouse, Edward & Mataoanu, Anca & Musalem, Alberto & Sherwood, Elisabeth & Sluchynsky, Oleksiy, 2005. "Pensions in the Middle East and North Africa: time for change," MPRA Paper 10448, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Balazs Egert, 2007. "Real Convergence, Price Level Convergence and Inflation Differentials in Europe," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series wp895, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    3. Mehmet Tosun, 2006. "Explaining the Variation in Tax Structures in the MENA Region," Working Papers 06-018, University of Nevada, Reno, Department of Economics & University of Nevada, Reno , Department of Resource Economics.
    4. Mahmud, Hassan, 2008. "Why has Growth slowed in Sub-Saharan Africa: A System GMM-IV Approach," MPRA Paper 25910, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Ibrahim A. Elbadawi, . "Reviving Growth in the Arab World," API-Working Paper Series 0206, Arab Planning Institute - Kuwait, Information Center.
    6. Erbas, S. Nuri & Nothaft, Frank E., 2005. "Mortgage markets in Middle East and North African countries: Market development, poverty reduction, and growth," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 212-241, September.
    7. Graham Bird, 2004. "Growth, poverty and the IMF," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(4), pages 621-636.
    8. repec:onb:oenbwp:y::i:138:b:1 is not listed on IDEAS

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