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Demographic Change in Asia

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Author Info

  • Ian McDonald
  • Serge Bésanger
  • Ross Guest

Abstract

This paper calculates the levels of optimal national saving, investment, and the current account balance for five Asian economies—Hong Kong SAR, Japan, Singapore, Malaysia, and the Philippines—for the period 1997–2050 using a simulation approach. These calculations show the sensitivity of results to changing demographic structures on employment participation, labor productivity; and consumption demands. In particular, the simulations reveal that variations in prospective demographic change across economies cause considerable variations in the patterns of optimal national saving rates.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Working Papers with number 00/115.

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Length: 42
Date of creation: 01 Jun 2000
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:00/115

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Related research

Keywords: Savings; Asia; national saving; consumption demands; demographic projections; age group; older people; age groups; population growth; demographic change; population growth rates; private consumption; ageing; aging population; consumption smoothing; population projections; age structure; demographic structures; census; young people; consumption over time; consumption ratio; level of consumption; consumption levels; mortality rates; dependency ratio; aggregate consumption; consumption expenditures; total population; future consumption; demographic changes; demographic trends; aggregate demand; household expenditure; older adults; world populations; census data; negative population growth; government spending; consumption demand; consumption rate; demand for consumption; age distributions; demographic projection; private consumption expenditures; birth; demography; age distribution; dependency burden; levels of consumption; consumption function; demographic transition; consumption needs; consumption remains; consumption paths; consumption ? demands;

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