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Aging Populations and Public Pension Schemes


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  • Sheetal K. Chand
  • Albert Jaeger


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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by International Monetary Fund in its series IMF Occasional Papers with number 147.

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Length: 58
Date of creation: 30 Dec 1996
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:imf:imfocp:147

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Postal: International Monetary Fund, Washington, DC USA
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Fax: (202) 623-4661
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Keywords: Aging; pension; public pension; retirement; contribution rates; contribution rate; elderly; pension fund; pensioners; social security; dependency; pension system; pension schemes; pension liabilities; replacement rate; dependency ratios; pensions; pension liability; pension expenditure; pension reform; retirement ages; public pension systems; pension arrangements; net pension liability; dependency ratio; labor force; public pension schemes; net pension liabilities; public pension system; replacement rates; public pension fund; benefits; pension benefits; pension systems; public debt; pension benefit; retirement age; pension funds; social insurance; pension expenditures; pension scheme; labor force participation; contribution system; unemployment; net wages; funded scheme; funded pension; unemployment rates; early retirement; payroll; funded schemes; average pension; life expectancies; gross wage; public pension expenditures; private pension; pension plans; aging populations; aging population; pension reforms; pension payments; pensioner; public pensions; wage growth; pension plan; payroll taxes; value of pension; payroll tax; fiscal consolidation; fiscal consequences; wages; earnings history; gross wages; public pension scheme; fiscal stresses; public pension reform; unfunded pension; pension rights; accrual rate; disability; labor input; wage; fiscal stance; fiscal implications; fiscal stress; pension contributions; pension debt; benefit plans; old age; social security reform; disability insurance; unfunded pension liabilities; social security financing; pension fund contribution; tax rates; private pension funds; pension contribution; private savings; pension insurance; wage earners; life expectancy; disability pensions; contribution period; service pensions; welfare gains; retirement accounts; current pensioners; accrual rates; pension insurance funds; public pension liabilities; social security systems; aging society; pension fund reserves; ageing; funded pension systems; funded systems; survivors insurance; old age pensions; earlier retirement; earnings-related pension; private saving; pension reserve; additional pension; benefit formulas; eligibility criteria; survivors? insurance; social security system; nominal wages; pension debts; benefit payments; fiscal policy; flat-rate pension; debt-service; fiscal balances; pension fund assets; fiscal stances; age of retirement; fiscal position; nominal wage; current pension; current pension arrangements; pension problem; future pension; benefit levels; pension fund portfolios; retirement incomes; benefit adjustments; normal retirement age; pension regime; wage indexation; pension issues; pillar system; pension spending; fully funded pensions; unfunded pensions; occupational pension; benefit formula; partial indexation; benefit indexation; pension value; public schemes; health care; welfare reforms; fiscal costs; fiscal burdens; fiscal discipline; fiscal situation; unemployment rate; minimum period; fiscal sustainability; fiscal developments; pensionable age; social welfare; basic pension; individual retirement; social security benefits; occupational pension schemes; social expenditures; three-pillar system; indexed annuity; informal sector; earnings-related pensions; defined contribution system; lifetime earnings; retirement income; public pension reforms; net wage; individual retirement accounts; defined benefit; life insurance; civil service pensions; welfare state; defined-benefit pension; life insurers; funded pensions; benefit pension; fiscal adjustments; fiscal positions; fiscal accounts; primary expenditure; fiscal impact; fiscal issues; fiscal perspective;


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