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Pay equity, minimum wage and equality at work

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  • Rubery, Jill
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    Abstract

    Reviews the underlying causes of pay discrimination embedded within the organization of the labour market and structures of pay and reward. Discusses the need to focus on pay equity as part of a general strategy of promoting equity and decent work and examines the case for using minimum wage policies in comparison to more targeted equal pay policies to reduce gender pay equity. Identifies potential obstacles to or support for such policies and describes experiences of the use of minimum wages in selected countries.

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    File URL: http://www.ilo.org/public/libdoc/ilo/2003/103B09_400_engl.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by International Labour Organization in its series ILO Working Papers with number 366872.

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    Length: 74 pages
    Date of creation: 2003
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: Published in Working paper series, ILO InFocus Programme on Promoting the Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work.
    Handle: RePEc:ilo:ilowps:366872

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    Keywords: equal pay; minimum wage; equal employment opportunity; women workers; developed countries; developing countries; wage differential; sexual division of labour; sex discrimination; management attitude; employees attitude; égalité de rémunération; salaire minimum; égalité des chances dans l'emploi; travailleuses; pays développés; pays en développement; disparité des salaires; division du travail basée sur le sexe; discrimination fondée sur le sexe; attitude patronale; attitude des salariés; igualdad de remuneración; salario mínimo; igualdad de oportunidades en el empleo; trabajadoras; países desarrollados; países en desarrollo; diferencia del salario; división del trabajo por sexo; discriminación por razones de sexo; actitud de la dirección; actitud de los trabajadores;

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    1. Gary S. Becker, 1981. "A Treatise on the Family," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number beck81-1, octubre-d.
    2. Addison, John T. & Blackburn, McKinley L., 1998. "Minimum Wages and Poverty," ZEW Discussion Papers 98-42, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    3. Pierre-Richard Agenor & Joshua Aizenman, 1994. "Macroeconomic Adjustment with Segmented Labor Markets," NBER Working Papers 4769, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Nidardo, J. & Fortin, N. & Lemieux, T., 1994. "Labor Market Institutions and the Distribution of Wages, 1973-1992: A Semiparametric Approach," Papers 93-94-15, California Irvine - School of Social Sciences.
    5. Becker, Gary S, 1985. "Human Capital, Effort, and the Sexual Division of Labor," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 3(1), pages S33-58, January.
    6. Blau, Francine D & Kahn, Lawrence M, 1992. "The Gender Earnings Gap: Learning from International Comparisons," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(2), pages 533-38, May.
    7. Cortez, Willy W., 2001. "What is Behind Increasing Wage Inequality in Mexico?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 29(11), pages 1905-1922, November.
    8. De Fraja, Gianni, 1999. "Minimum Wage Legislation, Productivity and Employment," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 66(264), pages 473-88, November.
    9. Dasgupta, Partha & Ray, Debraj, 1986. "Inequality as a Determinant of Malnutrition and Unemployment: Theory," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 96(384), pages 1011-34, December.
    10. Azam, Jean-Paul, 1992. "The Agricultural Minimum Wage and Wheat Production in Morocco (1971-89)," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 1(2), pages 171-91, August.
    11. William E. Even & David A. Macpherson, 1996. "Consequences Of Minimum Wage Indexing," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 14(4), pages 67-77, October.
    12. Zadia M. Feliciano, 1998. "Does the Minimum Wage Affect Employment in Mexico?," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 24(2), pages 165-180, Spring.
    13. Basu, Kaushik, 1999. "The intriguing relation between adult minimum wage and child labor," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2173, The World Bank.
    14. Bazen, Stephen, 2000. "The Impact of the Regulation of Low Wages on Inequality and Labour-Market Adjustment: A Comparative Analysis," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 16(1), pages 57-69, Spring.
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