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El Mercado de Transporte Aéreo: Lecciones para Chile de una Revisión de la Literatura

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En la industria de transporte aéreo en Chile, existe hoy libre ingreso a los mercados, libertad de precios y una mínima intervención del estado. Sin embargo, la evolución de la industria ha generado discusión y preocupación pública en los últimos años respecto a qué tan competitivo es el mercado de transporte doméstico de pasajeros. Preocupaciones y discusiones de política pública similares a las que existen hoy en Chile, han sido el foco de la literatura económica en el tema desde la regulación de los mercados aéreos a afines de los 70. El gran avance que ha habido, tanto teórico como empírico, en entender las características específicas de la industria de transporte aéreo y los determinantes del grado de competencia en los mercados en que opera, permiten sacar conclusiones que son relevantes para Chile y que pueden ayudar a orientar la discusión. El objetivo de este estudio entonces, es hacer una revisión de la literatura económica que de luces respecto a los elementos críticos que uno debería considerar en el caso de Chile para evaluar el grado de competencia de la industria. Dichos elementos permitirán orientar la investigación respecto a si la política aerocomercial chilena garantiza la existencia mercado competitivo o hay espacio para implementar algún tipo de política pública que permita hacer más competitivo el mercado.

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Paper provided by Ilades-Georgetown University, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Bussines in its series ILADES-Georgetown University Working Papers with number inv163.

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Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ila:ilades:inv163

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Keywords: mercado transporte aéreo; aerolíneas; transporte aéreo pasajeros;

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