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Poverty Impacts of an Economic Partnership Agreement between Uganda and the EU

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  • Ole Boysen and Alan Matthews

Abstract

This paper analyzes the poverty impacts of an economic partnership agreement (EPA) between Uganda and the EU. As Ugandan exports are also eligible for duty-free access to the EU under the Everything But Arms scheme the main impact of the EPA will be to require liberalization of EU exporters’ access to the Ugandan market. There are fears this could threaten the incomes of poor people through lower prices for agricultural commodities, the crowding out of vulnerable industries, and loss of government revenue. We examine these fears by means of a qualitative analysis using data from a 1999 social accounting matrix of the Ugandan economy and the 2002/2003 household budget survey. We then quantify the effects on the economy and poverty employing a combined CGE-microsimulation model. The qualitative analysis shows that the scope for trade liberalization with the EU is very limited and that particularly the poor have only weak links to formal markets. The quantitative analysis suggests that the macroeconomic impacts of an EPA are minor but positive, implying that the economic adjustment costs might turn out to be low. Whether the very small poverty effects are positive or not depends on the selection of sensitive products in the EPA, although under all scenarios the very poorest appear to lose.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by IIIS in its series The Institute for International Integration Studies Discussion Paper Series with number iiisdp261.

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Date of creation: 04 Sep 2008
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Handle: RePEc:iis:dispap:iiisdp261

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  1. Geoffrey J. Bannister, 2001. "International Trade and Poverty Alleviation," IMF Working Papers 01/54, International Monetary Fund.
  2. Iacus, Stefano M. & Porro, Giuseppe, 2007. "Missing data imputation, matching and other applications of random recursive partitioning," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 52(2), pages 773-789, October.
  3. Liu, Jing & Nico van Leeuwen & Tri Thanh Vo & Rod Tyers & Thomas W. Hertel, 1998. "Disaggregating Labor Payments by Skill Level in GTAP," GTAP Technical Papers 314, Center for Global Trade Analysis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University.
  4. Ivanic, Maros, 2004. "Reconciliation of the GTAP and Household Survey Data," GTAP Research Memoranda 1408, Center for Global Trade Analysis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University.
  5. Fontagne, Lionel & Laborde, David & Mitaritonna, Cristina, 2008. "An Impact Study of the Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) in the Six ACP Regions," 2008 International Congress, August 26-29, 2008, Ghent, Belgium 44194, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  6. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-66, May.
  7. Lionel Fontagné & David Laborde & Cristina Mitaritonna, 2008. "An Impact Study of the EU-ACP Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) in the Six ACP Regions," Working Papers 2008-04, CEPII research center.
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Cited by:
  1. Ole Boysen, 2009. "Border Price Shocks, Spatial Price Variation, and their Impacts on Poverty in Uganda," The Institute for International Integration Studies Discussion Paper Series iiisdp306, IIIS.
  2. Ole Boysen & Alan Matthews, 2009. "The Economic Partnership Agreement between Uganda and the EU: Trade and Poverty Impacts," The Institute for International Integration Studies Discussion Paper Series iiisdp307, IIIS.
  3. Chris Milner & Oliver Morrissey & Evious Zgovu, . "EU-ACP Economic Partnership Agreements and ACP Integration," Discussion Papers 09/05, University of Nottingham, CREDIT.

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