The Two-tier foreign exchange market and the conduct of monetary policy: The Belgian case during Bretton-Woods era
AbstractThis paper attempts to better understand the monetary policy decisions under the Belgian two-tier foreign exchange market during the Bretton-Woods system. Whereas this type of market organisation aimed at insulating the domestic currency from (speculative) capital flows, it is questioned whether monetary authorities did (or not) really pay attention to the free market when setting the monetary policy interest rate in practice. Using a Taylor-rule type approach, it is shown that the volatility of the spread between the two segments of the foreign exchange market has played a growing role in the interest rate dynamics over time. Moreover, a Markov switching model applied to the data provides evidence of two separate periods towards the collapse of the Bretton-Woods System, during which the monetary policy concerns have gradually changed.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by IESEG School of Management in its series Working Papers with number 2012-ECO-10.
Length: 45 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2012
Date of revision:
Two-tier market; Taylor rule; Bretton Woods; Markov switching model;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- E42 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Monetary Sytsems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System
- E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
- C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
- C24 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Truncated and Censored Models; Switching Regression Models
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2012-07-14 (All new papers)
- NEP-MAC-2012-07-14 (Macroeconomics)
- NEP-MON-2012-07-14 (Monetary Economics)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- John B. Taylor, 1998.
"An Historical Analysis of Monetary Policy Rules,"
NBER Working Papers
6768, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Taylor, John B., 1993. "Discretion versus policy rules in practice," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 195-214, December.
- Shengzu Wang & Jagdish Handa, 2007. "Monetary policy rules under a fixed exchange rate regime: empirical evidence from China," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(12), pages 941-950.
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