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L'importance des incitations financières dans l'obtention d'un emploi est-elle surestimée ?

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Nous estimons 6 modèles où interviennent d’une manière tantôt substituable tantôt complémentaire trois facteurs de non-emploi : la faiblesse des incitations financières, une productivité inférieure au coût du Smic et des dysfonctionnements du marché du travail. L’étude du comportement de participation s’appuie sur un modèle de microsimulation basé sur l’enquête Revenus Fiscaux 1998, tandis que l’estimation de la censure au SMIC utilise les données des enquêtes Emploi 1997 et 1998. Les modèles, estimés sur les isolés, qui s’ajustent le mieux aux données sont ceux qui posent une complémentarité entre la censure au SMIC et la participation. Une augmentation de 10% du revenu disponible de la Smicarde sous forme de transferts se traduirait par un gain de probabilité d’emploi de 10%.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institut d'economie publique (IDEP), Marseille, France in its series IDEP Working Papers with number 0311.

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Length: 43 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iep:wpidep:0311

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Keywords: Non-emploi; Incitations Financires; Censure au SMIC;

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References

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  1. John M. Abowd & Francis Kramarz & David N. Margolis, 1994. "High-Wage Workers and High-Wage Firms," CIRANO Working Papers 94s-23, CIRANO.
  2. Heckman, James J, 1993. "What Has Been Learned about Labor Supply in the Past Twenty Years?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(2), pages 116-21, May.
  3. Guy Laroque, 2005. "Income Maintenance and Labor Force Participation," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 73(2), pages 341-376, 03.
  4. M. Fleurbaey & C. Hagneré & M. Martinez & A. Trannoy, 1999. "Les minima sociaux en France : entre compensation et responsabilité," THEMA Working Papers 99-44, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
  5. Gurgand, M. & Margolis, D., 2001. "RMI et revenus du travail : une evaluation des gains financiers a l'emploi," Dossiers de recherche- 09, Centre d'etudes de l'emploi.
  6. Alain Trannoy & Nicolas Gravel & Cyrille Hagneré & Nathalie Picard, 2001. "Une évaluation de l'impact incitatif et redistributif d'une réforme des minima sociaux," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 16(1), pages 125-167.
  7. Bernard Salanié & Guy Laroque, 2000. "Une décomposition du non-emploi en France," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 331(1), pages 47-66.
  8. Guy Laroque & Bernard Salanié, 2002. "Temps partiel féminin et incitations financières à l'emploi," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 53(6), pages 1127-1147.
  9. François Bourguignon & Thierry Magnac, 1990. "Labor Supply and Taxation in France," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 25(3), pages 358-389.
  10. Blundell, Richard & Macurdy, Thomas, 1999. "Labor supply: A review of alternative approaches," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 27, pages 1559-1695 Elsevier.
  11. Guy Laroque & Bernard Salanie, 2002. "Labour market institutions and employment in France," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 17(1), pages 25-48.
  12. N. Gravel & C. Hagneré & N. Picard-Tortorici, 2000. "Minima sociaux et offre de travail : Evaluation d'une réforme à l'aide d'un modèle de microsimulation dynamique," THEMA Working Papers 2000-52, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
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Cited by:
  1. Gurgand, Marc & Margolis, David N., 2008. "Does work pay in France? Monetary incentives, hours constraints, and the guaranteed minimum income," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(7), pages 1669-1697, July.
  2. Elena Stancanelli & Henri Sterdyniak, 2004. "Un bilan des études sur la prime pour l'emploi," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/5270, Sciences Po.

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