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Occupations at risk: explicit task content and job security

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  • Ljubica Nedelkoska

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    (Friedrich Schiller University-Jena & Max Planck Institute of Economics)

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    Abstract

    The empirical investigation into the economic relevance of knowledge codification lacks behind the allied theoretical contributions. The article empirically examines the link between codifiable work content and code-based technologies. For this purpose, we use detailed information about the tasks that employees performed at their jobs, and the work devices assisting them, in West Germany, over a period of 27 years. The main results suggest that automation decreased both the explicit manual task content within occupations and the job security of occupations specialized in such tasks. Occupations which frequently performed explicit manual tasks were disproportionally concentrated in middle of the wage distribution, contributing to the widely-observed polarization of jobs.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB) in its series Working Papers with number 2010/48.

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    Length: 37 pages
    Date of creation: 2010
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    Handle: RePEc:ieb:wpaper:2010/11/doc2010-48

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    Keywords: Skills; tasks; explicit knowledge; occupations; automation; job security;

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    1. Alexandra Spitz-Oener, 2006. "Technical Change, Job Tasks, and Rising Educational Demands: Looking outside the Wage Structure," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 24(2), pages 235-270, April.
    2. Maarten Goos & Alan Manning, 2007. "Lousy and Lovely Jobs: The Rising Polarization of Work in Britain," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 89(1), pages 118-133, February.
    3. Paul Nightingale, 2003. "If Nelson and Winter are only half right about tacit knowledge, which half? A Searlean critique of 'codification'," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 12(2), pages 149-183, April.
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