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La concentración territorial de las empresas industriales: un estudio sobre la unidad geogr fica de an lisis mediante técnicas de econometría espacial

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  • Elisabet Viladecans Marsal

    ()
    (Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB); Universitat de Barcelona (UB))

Abstract

There is clear evidence about the high level of industrial concentration along the Spanish geography. This paper has the aim to analyse the suitability of traditionally used geographical concentration indexes and to discover which is the correct administrative unit in this type of analysis. A new database with information about employment in local units and manufacturing sectors is used. It is proved that the results for the industrial concentration indexes are very different if they are calculated for provinces or for municipalities. This evidence arises the question about the most suitable size of the unit of analysis. We consider that the proper unit analysis that represents the real economic area has to be in the middle of the province and the municipality. Within the Spatial Econometrics framework, the spatial dependence indexes allow testing the existence of groups of municipalities in which a high industrial manufacturing concentration is detected. The results indicate that for some of the manufacturing analysed activities the concentration goes farther the administrative borders of the municipality.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB) in its series Working Papers with number 2001/2.

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Length: 26 pages
Date of creation: 2001
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ieb:wpaper:165977art171

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Related research

Keywords: Geography concentration; Industry; Spatial econometrics;

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References

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  1. Glenn Ellison & Edward L. Glaeser, 1994. "Geographic Concentration in U.S. Manufacturing Industries: A Dartboard Approach," NBER Working Papers 4840, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Ciccone, Antonio & Hall, Robert E, 1996. "Productivity and the Density of Economic Activity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(1), pages 54-70, March.
  3. Smith, Pamela J., 1999. "Do Knowledge Spillovers Contribute to U.S. State Output and Growth?," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(2), pages 331-353, March.
  4. Head, Keith & Ries, John & Swenson, Deborah, 1995. "Agglomeration benefits and location choice: Evidence from Japanese manufacturing investments in the United States," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(3-4), pages 223-247, May.
  5. Audretsch, David B & Stephan, Paula E, 1996. "Company-Scientist Locational Links: The Case of Biotechnology," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(3), pages 641-52, June.
  6. Jaffe, Adam B, 1989. "Real Effects of Academic Research," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(5), pages 957-70, December.
  7. José Manuel Casado Diaz, 1996. "Mercados laborales locales. Análisis preliminar del caso valenciano," Revista de Estudios Regionales, Universidades Públicas de Andalucía, vol. 2, pages 129-155.
  8. Audretsch, David B & Feldman, Maryann P, 1996. "R&D Spillovers and the Geography of Innovation and Production," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(3), pages 630-40, June.
  9. Maria Remedios Callejon Fornieles & M. Teresa Costa Campi, 1996. "Economias de aglomeracion en la industria," Working Papers in Economics 7, Universitat de Barcelona. Espai de Recerca en Economia.
  10. Jordi Pons-Novell & Elisabet Viladecans-Marsal, 1999. "Kaldor's Laws and Spatial Dependence: Evidence for the European Regions," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(5), pages 443-451.
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