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L'impact économique du développement des marques de distributeurs

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  • Bergès, Fabian
  • Bontems, Philippe
  • Réquillart, Vincent

Abstract

[eng] In this article we survey the economic literature on private labels (PLs). The first section looks at PL growth. We analyze the causes of private-label introduction by retailers and its impact on manufacturers and consumers. We compare our conclusions with the findings of empirical studies. The third section discusses PL positioning. The fourth section examines the link between PLs and retailers’ loyalty programs. The fifth section addresses the issues for manufacturers resulting from PL introduction. We conclude with some thoughts on PLs and their impact on social welfare. [fre] Cet article constitue une synthèse de la littérature traitant des marques de distributeurs (MDD). Dans une première partie, nous faisons l’état des lieux statistiques sur l’importance des MDD. Dans un second temps, nous analysons les raisons ayant poussé les distributeurs à introduire les MDD ainsi que l’impact de leur développement sur les producteurs et les consommateurs. Ces conclusions sont ensuite confrontées à la littérature empirique sur les MDD. La troisième partie s’intéresse au positionnement stratégique des MDD et la quatrième partie fait le lien entre les MDD et les politiques de fidélisation des enseignes. Enfin, les enjeux des MDD pour les producteurs sont discutés dans une cinquième partie et une réflexion sur les effets de bien-être du développement des MDD conclut l’article.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse in its series IDEI Working Papers with number 455.

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Date of creation: Apr 2007
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Publication status: Published in Économie et Prévision, n°189, 2009, p.�41-56.
Handle: RePEc:ide:wpaper:7136

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  17. Mills, David E, 1995. "Why Retailers Sell Private Labels," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 4(3), pages 509-28, Fall.
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  19. Fiona Scott Morton & Florian Zettelmeyer, 2004. "The Strategic Positioning of Store Brands in Retailer--Manufacturer Negotiations," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer, vol. 24(2), pages 161-194, 03.
  20. Manez, J.A. & Waterson, M., 2001. "Multiproduct Firms and Product Differentiation: a Survey," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 594, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
  21. André Bonfrer & Pradeep K. Chintagunta, 2004. "Store Brands: Who Buys Them and What Happens to Retail Prices When They Are Introduced?," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer, vol. 24(2), pages 195-218, 03.
  22. Patrick Rey, 1997. "Impact des accords verticaux entre producteurs et distributeurs," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 12(2), pages 3-55.
  23. Bontemps, Christophe & Orozco, Valérie & Réquillart, Vincent & Trévisiol, Audrey, 2004. "Price Effects of Private Labels Development," IDEI Working Papers 299, Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse.
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