Liberty and the post-utilitarian society
AbstractUtilitarian foundations for limited government are shaky insofar as they assume rational and consistent individuals. Recently economists’ assumption of rational actors has come under sustained attack. Behavioural economics has suggested that people are plagued by irrational biases and inconsistencies. The author elucidates how these developments have led to a post-utilitarianism which is held to justify paternalistic interventions by the state via ‘sin taxes’ , direct bans or new obligations. Individual responsibility is seriously undermined, as is faith in markets. He concludes that supporters of individual freedom need to move away from utilitarian reasoning, reassert core values of autonomy and responsibility, and define strict limits on the scope of government intervention.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse in its series IDEI Working Papers with number 740.
Date of creation: Sep 2012
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behavioural economics; utilitarianism; government; paternalism;
Other versions of this item:
- B40 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Economic Methodology - - - General
- D03 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Behavioral Economics; Underlying Principles
- D10 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - General
- H10 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - General
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- Laibson, David, 1997.
"Golden Eggs and Hyperbolic Discounting,"
The Quarterly Journal of Economics,
MIT Press, vol. 112(2), pages 443-77, May.
- Thaler, Richard, 1980. "Toward a positive theory of consumer choice," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 39-60, March.
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