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Child Care Provision: Semiparametric Evidence from a Randomized Experiment in Mexico

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  • Dubois, Pierre
  • Rubio-Codina, Marta

Abstract

We estimate semiparametrically the impact of the Mexican conditional cash transfer program Oportunidades on the time mothers and older sisters spend taking care of children aged under 3, using the randomization of a program placement and the methodology in Lewbel (2000). Results support the existence of substitution effects: mothers in treatment households are more likely to substitute for their older daughters’ time to child care. As a result, daughters devote more time to schooling and less taking care of their younger siblings. Overall, total household time allocated to child care increases. These findings indicate that Oportunidades not only fosters human capital accumulation through keeping teenage girls in school but also through more and arguably better (mother provided) child care.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse in its series IDEI Working Papers with number 542.

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Date of creation: Apr 2010
Date of revision: Sep 2011
Publication status: Published in Annales d'Économie et de Statistique, n°105-106, Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques, Paris, juin 2012, p.�155-184.
Handle: RePEc:ide:wpaper:10808

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  1. Paxson, Christina & Schady, Norbert, 2005. "Cognitive development among young children in Ecuador : the roles of wealth, health and parenting," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3605, The World Bank.
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Cited by:
  1. Baez, Javier E. & Camacho, Adriana, 2011. "Assessing the long-term effects of conditional cash transfers on human capital : evidence from Colombia," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5681, The World Bank.
  2. Matteo Bobba & Jérémie Gignoux, 2011. "Policy-induced Social Interactions and Schooling Decisions," PSE Working Papers halshs-00962478, HAL.
  3. Matteo Bobba & Jérémie Gignoux, 2014. "Policy Evaluation in the Presence of Spatial Externalities: Reassessing the Progresa Program," PSE Working Papers halshs-00646590, HAL.
  4. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00646590 is not listed on IDEAS

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