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La conflictiva relación entre la satisfacción y el ingreso

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  • Eduardo Lora

    ()

  • Juan Camilo Chaparro

Abstract

Este trabajo hace uso de la Encuesta Mundial de Gallup de 2006, que contiene opiniones sobre satisfacción con diversos aspectos de la vida en 130 países. Aunque la relación entre satisfacción e ingreso que se encuentra es muy sólida (tanto entre países como entre individuos en los países), arrojando dudas sobre la conocida paradoja de Easterlin, surge una nueva paradoja: la del “crecimiento infeliz”, según la cual hay menos satisfacción en los países que crecen más rápido. Las pérdidas de satisfacción asociadas al crecimiento son más pronunciadas en los dominios materiales de la vida de las personas, y tienden a ser más fuertes en sociedades más ricas y más urbanas. A nivel individual, aunque ingresos más altos tienden a reflejarse en mayor satisfacción, el aumento del ingreso del grupo social al que pertenece el individuo produce el efecto contrario en las dimensiones materiales del bienestar. La conflictiva relación entre la satisfacción y el ingreso documentada en este estudio tiene implicaciones de economía política. En particular, sugiere un mecanismo sencillo para explicar diversos rasgos característicos del populismo económico y social.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4600.

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Date of creation: Nov 2008
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Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4600

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  1. Ferrer-i-Carbonell, Ada, 2005. "Income and well-being: an empirical analysis of the comparison income effect," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(5-6), pages 997-1019, June.
  2. William Easterly & Jozef Ritzen & Michael Woolcock, 2006. "Social Cohesion, Institutions, And Growth," Economics and Politics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 18(2), pages 103-120, 07.
  3. Erzo F.P. Luttmer, 2004. "Neighbors as Negatives: Relative Earnings and Well-Being," NBER Working Papers 10667, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Alpizar, Francisco & Carlsson, Fredrik & Johansson-Stenman, Olof, 2005. "How much do we care about absolute versus relative income and consumption?," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 56(3), pages 405-421, March.
  5. Geeta Kingdon & John Knight, 2005. "Community, Comparisons and Subjective Well-being in a Divided Society," Working Papers 05095, University of Cape Town, Development Policy Research Unit.
  6. Eduardo Lora & Ugo Panizza, 2002. "Structural Reforms in Latin America under Scrutiny," Research Department Publications 4301, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  7. Ed Diener & Ed Sandvik & Larry Seidlitz & Marissa Diener, 1993. "The relationship between income and subjective well-being: Relative or absolute?," Social Indicators Research, Springer, vol. 28(3), pages 195-223, March.
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