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Public Investment in Developing Countries: A Blessing or a Curse?

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  • Eduardo A. Cavallo

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  • Christian Daude

Abstract

This paper analyzes the impact of public investment on private investment in panel of 116 developing countries between 1980 and 2006 using dynamic panel data techniques, finding a strong and robust crowding-out effect that seems to be the norm rather than the exception, both across regions and over time. It is also found that this effect is dampened (or even reversed) in countries with better institutions and that are more open to international trade and financial flows. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that, while public infrastructure may be complementary to private capital in the aggregate production function, there are distortions associated with the public investment process that might render a crowding out of private investment in the course of building public capital stocks. These distortions, in turn, are more prevalent in countries with worse institutions or that lack trade and financial openness.

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Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4597.

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Date of creation: Oct 2008
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Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4597

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Cited by:
  1. Kwasi Fosu, Augustin & Getachew, Yoseph Yilma & Ziesemer, Thomas, 2011. "Optimal public investment, growth, and consumption: Evidence from African countries," MERIT Working Papers 051, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
  2. Diogo Barbosa & Vitor M. Carvalho & Paulo J. Pereira, 2013. "The interaction between firms and Government in the context of investment decisions: a real options approach," FEP Working Papers 507, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
  3. Grigoli, Francesco & Mills, Zachary, 2011. "Do high and volatile levels of public investment suggest misconduct ? the role of institutional quality," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5735, The World Bank.
  4. Eden, Maya & Kraay, Aart, 2014. ""Crowding in"and the returns to government investment in low-income countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6781, The World Bank.
  5. Farla, Kristine & de Crombrugghe, Denis & Verspagen, Bart, 2013. "Institutions, Foreign Direct Investment, and Domestic Investment: crowding out or crowding in?," MERIT Working Papers 054, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
  6. Ricardo Silva & Vitor Manuel Carvalho & Ana Paula Ribeiro, 2013. "How large are fiscal multipliers? A panel-data VAR approach for the Euro area," FEP Working Papers 500, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
  7. Ricardo N. Bebczuk & Eduardo A. Cavallo, 2014. "Is Business Saving Really None of Our Business?," IDB Publications 85654, Inter-American Development Bank.
  8. Okey K. N. Mawussé, 2013. "Institutions and scientific research in Africa," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 33(2), pages 1487-1503.

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