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Discriminación en América Latina: Eso que (casi) todos vemos? (Discrimination in Latin America: An Elephant in the Room?)

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  • Alberto Chong

    ()

  • Hugo Ñopo

    ()

Abstract

Este trabajo investiga la evidencia de discriminación en América Latina y muestra que hay una percepción generalizada de discriminación, especialmente en contra del pobre, el no instruído y aquellos que carecen de conecciones. Los canales a través de los cuales la discriminación ocurre se construyen en base a factores económicos. Sin embargo, mientras las encuestas de percepción son informativas, éstas son menos que ideales para ayudar a precisar el alcance y los mecanismos relacionados. Evidencia experimental reciente sugiere que hay poca cabida para prácticas discriminatorias en la región. Esta aparente contradicción en donde los individuos perciben que hay discriminación en el aire, pero pocos actúan discriminatoriamente, es consistente con una explicación acerca de estereotipos que desaparecen cuando los flujos de información funcionan bien.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4537.

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Date of creation: Jul 2007
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Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4537

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  1. Nestor Gandelman & Hugo Ñopo & Laura Ripani, 2007. "Traditional Excluding Forces: A Review of the Quantitative Literature on the Economic Situation of Indigenous Peoples, Afro-Descendants, and People Living with Disability," Research Department Publications 4545, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  2. Juan Camilo Cárdenas & Natalia Candelo & Alejandro Gaviria & Sandra Polania, 2007. "Discrimination in the provision of social services to the poor: a field experimental study," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 003885, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  3. P. A. Riach & J. Rich, 2002. "Field Experiments of Discrimination in the Market Place," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 112(483), pages 480-518, November.
  4. Máximo Torero & Marco Castillo & Ragan Petrie, 2008. "Ethnic and Social Barriers to Cooperation: Experiments Studying the Extent and Nature of Discrimination in Urban Peru," Research Department Publications 3246, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  5. Eduardo Gandelman & Nestor Gandelman & Julie Rothschild, 2008. "Gender Differentials in Judicial Proceedings: Field Evidence from Housing-Related Cases in Uruguay," Research Department Publications 3250, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  6. David Bravo & Claudia Sanhueza & Sergio Urzua, 2008. "An Experimental Study of Labor Market Discrimination: Gender, Social Class and Neighborhood in Chile," Research Department Publications 3242, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  7. Altonji, Joseph G. & Blank, Rebecca M., 1999. "Race and gender in the labor market," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 48, pages 3143-3259 Elsevier.
  8. Hugo Nopo, 2004. "Gender and Racial Discrimination in Hiring: A Pseudo Audit Study for Three Selected Occupations in Metropolitan Lima," Econometric Society 2004 Latin American Meetings 321, Econometric Society.
  9. David Bravo Urrutia & Sergio Urzúa & Claudia Sanhueza, 2007. "An Experimental Study About Labor Market Discrimination: Gender, Social Class And Neighborhood," Working Papers wp263, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
  10. Sendhil Mullainathan & Marianne Bertrand, 2001. "Do People Mean What They Say? Implications for Subjective Survey Data," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 91(2), pages 67-72, May.
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