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Convirtiéndose en empresario

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  • Hugo Ñopo

    ()

  • Patricio Valenzuela

Abstract

Utilizando la encuesta chilena de datos de Panel CASEN 1996-2001, este trabajo analiza el impacto en los ingresos de trabajadores asalariados que se convierten en empresarios (es decir, trabajadores por cuenta propia y microempresarios). Mediante un estimador de diferencia-en-diferencias combinado con técnicas no paramétricas de matching, este estudio alivia los problemas de sesgo de selección (en rasgos observables y no observables) y crea el contrafactual de interés. Los resultados indican que las ganancias en ingresos asociadas con el cambio de trabajado asalariado a micro-empresariado son positivas, estadísticamente significativas y financieramente sustanciales. Los resultados son cualitativamente similares usando medias y medianas, sugiriendo que los impactos encontrados no son influenciados por la presencia de unos pocos "ganadores súper-estrellas". Adicionalmente, los cambios en ingresos asociados con el cambio en la dirección opuesta (es decir, de auto-empleado a trabajador asalariado) son negativos. Los resultados también sugieren interesantes diferencias de género, donde las mujeres muestran mayores ganancias que los hombres en el cambio de trabajos asalariados a empresariado y menores pérdida en el cambio en dirección opuesta.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4520.

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Date of creation: Mar 2007
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Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4520

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  1. Borjas, George J & Bronars, Stephen G, 1989. "Consumer Discrimination and Self-employment," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(3), pages 581-605, June.
  2. Barton H. Hamilton, 2000. "Does Entrepreneurship Pay? An Empirical Analysis of the Returns to Self-Employment," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 108(3), pages 604-631, June.
  3. Eduardo Engel & Alexander Galetovic & Claudio Raddatz, 1998. "Reforma tributaria y distribución del ingreso en Chile," Documentos de Trabajo 40, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
  4. Silva, Olmo, 2007. "The Jack-of-All-Trades entrepreneur: Innate talent or acquired skill?," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 97(2), pages 118-123, November.
  5. Hugo Ñopo & Jaime Saavedra & Máximo Torero, 2007. "Ethnicity and Earnings in a Mixed-Race Labor Market," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 55, pages 709-734.
  6. Edward P. Lazear, 2004. "Balanced Skills and Entrepreneurship," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(2), pages 208-211, May.
  7. Evans, David S & Leighton, Linda S, 1989. "Some Empirical Aspects of Entrepreneurship," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(3), pages 519-35, June.
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