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¿Depende el desempleo en América Latina y el Caribe de las normas laborales de Asia?

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  • Patrick Belser

Abstract

(Disponible en idioma inglés únicamente) Muchos países latinoamericanos han puesto en práctica regímenes de libre comercio recientemente, como parte de un conjunto más amplio de reformas de mercado, y han abandonado sus políticas de industrialización basada en la sustitución de importaciones. En los años 80, Chile, México y Bolivia fueron de los primeros países del continente en reducir sus aranceles y prácticamente eliminar las restricciones cuantitativas a las importaciones. Fueron seguidos por muchos otros, entre ellos Argentina, Brasil, Colombia, Jamaica, Perú, Uruguay, Venezuela y Trinidad y Tobago. Todos esos países están actualmente mucho más expuestos a la competencia internacional que nunca antes. Pero, ¿será buena idea? ¿En realidad se hallan más restringidos los derechos de los trabajadores en los países asiáticos exportadores que en América Latina? Y de ser así, ¿se ven perjudicados los trabajadores latinoamericanos por las normas laborales asiáticas, más laxas?

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4133.

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Date of creation: Aug 1998
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Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4133

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  1. Maskus, Keith E., 1997. "Should core labor standards be imposed through international trade policy?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1817, The World Bank.
  2. Brown, D.K. & Dearorff, A.V. & Stern, R.M., 1993. "International Labor Standards and Trade: A Theoretical Analysis," Working Papers 333, Research Seminar in International Economics, University of Michigan.
  3. Adrian Wood, 1995. "How Trade Hurt Unskilled Workers," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(3), pages 57-80, Summer.
  4. Owens, Trudy & Wood, Adrian, 1997. "Export-oriented industrialization through primary processing?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 25(9), pages 1453-1470, September.
  5. Wood, Adrian, 1997. "Openness and Wage Inequality in Developing Countries: The Latin American Challenge to East Asian Conventional Wisdom," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 11(1), pages 33-57, January.
  6. Adrian Wood & Kersti Berge, 1997. "Exporting manufactures: Human resources, natural resources, and trade policy," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(1), pages 35-59.
  7. Stephanie Seguino, 1997. "Gender wage inequality and export-led growth in South Korea," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(2), pages 102-132.
  8. Luiz de Mello, 1997. "Foreign direct investment in developing countries and growth: A selective survey," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(1), pages 1-34.
  9. David A. Riker & S. Lael Brainard, 1997. "U.S. Multinationals and Competition from Low Wage Countries," NBER Working Papers 5959, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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