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Una década de reformas en América Latina: ¿Ha producido una menor inestabilidad?

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  • Michael Gavin
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    Abstract

    (Disponible en idioma inglés únicamente) ¿Se han hecho menos inestables las economías latinoamericanas como resultado de la estabilización económica y las reformas estructurales puestas en práctica durante la última década? La respuesta es un sí condicionado. Las reformas han ayudado en algo, pero hay que hacer más para asegurar la estabilidad macroeconómica que se necesita para que haya un crecimiento acelerado y más equitativo a largo plazo en la región. Las reformas estructurales han ayudado a reducir la inestabilidad, pero ésta sigue siendo elevada según los parámetros internacionales y no se ha reducido en todos los países. Este trabajo ofrece un programa de políticas y sugiere aspectos de análisis en cuatro áreas claves: i) ¿Cómo se le puede dar más estabilidad a la gestión fiscal? ii) ¿Cómo puede contribuir la gestión de los mercados financieros internos a reducir la volatilidad económica? iii) ¿De qué modo se pueden gestionar los ingresos de capitales? iv) ¿Qué papel desempeña el régimen cambiario?

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4077.

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    Date of creation: Jun 1997
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    Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4077

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    1. Robert S. Pindyck & Andres Solimano, 1993. "Economic Instability and Aggregate Investment," NBER Working Papers 4380, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. John V. Leahy & Toni M. Whited, 1995. "The Effect of Uncertainty on Investment: Some Stylized Facts," NBER Working Papers 4986, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Barry Eichengreen & Ricardo Hausmann & Jürgen Von Hagen, 1999. "Reforming Budgetary Institutions in Latin America: The Case for a National Fiscal Council," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 10(4), pages 415-442, October.
    4. Joshua Aizenman & Nancy Marion, 1991. "Policy Uncertainty, Persistence and Growth," NBER Working Papers 3848, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Cottani, Joaquin A & Cavallo, Domingo F & Khan, M Shahbaz, 1990. "Real Exchange Rate Behavior and Economic Performance in LDCs," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 39(1), pages 61-76, October.
    6. King, Robert G. & Levine, Ross, 1993. "Finance, entrepreneurship and growth: Theory and evidence," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 513-542, December.
    7. Jeffrey D. Sachs, 1985. "External Debt and Macroeconomic Performance in Latin America and East Asia," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 16(2), pages 523-573.
    8. Jeffrey Sachs & Andrew Warner, 1995. "Economic Reform and the Progress of Global Integration," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1733, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
    9. Ramey, Garey & Ramey, Valerie A, 1995. "Cross-Country Evidence on the Link between Volatility and Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(5), pages 1138-51, December.
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