What Emigration Leaves Behind: The Situation of Emigrants and their Families in Ecuador
AbstractThis study seeks to identify, measure and analyze possible discriminatory behaviors in southern Ecuador. There are three main findings. First, emigration is perceived as a social problem. Second, emigrant families are seen as economically “irrational” because they are not perceived to be investing remittances in productive and sustainable activities; emigrants are additionally portrayed as “irresponsible” because they leave their families in search of better living conditions. Third, emigrants’ children are perceived as doing worse in school than their peers and as living outside the society at large. Observed discrimination follows a cultural pattern: persons closer to the dominant culture are proportionately more to discriminate against emigrants and their families, and women show more discriminatory attitudes than men.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 3244.
Date of creation: Feb 2008
Date of revision:
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2008-10-21 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEV-2008-10-21 (Development)
- NEP-LAB-2008-10-21 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-LAM-2008-10-21 (Central & South America)
- NEP-MIG-2008-10-21 (Economics of Human Migration)
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- Lourdes Gallardo & Hugo Nopo, 2009.
"Ethnic and Gender Wage Gaps in Ecuador,"
Research Department Publications
4625, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
- Fernando Borraz & Susan Pozo & Máximo Rossi, 2008.
"And What About the Family Back Home? International Migration and Happiness,"
Documentos de Trabajo (working papers)
0308, Department of Economics - dECON.
- Borraz, Fernando & Pozo, Susan & Rossi, Máximo, 2008. "And What About the Family Back Home? International Migration and Happiness," Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Zurich 2008 2, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics.
- Kristin Göbel, 2013. "Remittances, expenditure patterns, and gender: parametric and semiparametric evidence from Ecuador," IZA Journal of Migration, Springer, vol. 2(1), pages 1-19, December.
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