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Los activos de los pobres en el Perú

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Author Info

  • Javier Escobal
  • Jaime Saavedra-Chanduví
  • Máximo Torero

Abstract

El enfoque de esta documento es analizar la problemática de la posesión y acceso a activos por parte de los pobres. Los activos privados, públicos y de organización son los principales determinantes del flujos de gastos e ingresos de las familias, y son por lo tanto cruciales para determinar si una familia logra salir de la pobreza. En ese sentido, las políticas públicas deben estar cuidadosamente a dirigidas a resolver las inequidades en el acceso a determinados activos que son susceptibles de intervención estatal y que facilitan el acceso, la acumulación, así como el incremento de la rentabilidad de los activos de los hogares. Con este fin, este documento evalúa en primer lugar la naturaleza, características y evolución reciente de la pobreza en el Perú, así como las tendencias en la distribución de los ingresos/gastos y los activos. . Luego se efectúa una taxonomía de los activos de la población, mostrando la dispersión existente así como las diferencias en la posesión y acceso de activos por parte de los más pobres. Con estas herramientas se establecen relaciones entre los distintos tipos de activos y el status de pobreza, asi como la movilidad de los hogares en la escala de ingresos/gastos. Además, se determina el efecto de la tenencia o acceso de ciertos activos públicos u organizacionales sobre la rentabilidad de ciertos activos privados.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 3059.

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Date of creation: May 1999
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Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:3059

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References

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  1. Bruno, Michael & Ravallion, Martin & Squire, Lyn, 1996. "Equity and growth in developing countries : old and new perspectives on the policy issues," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1563, The World Bank.
  2. Javier Escobal & Jaime Saavedra-Chanduví & Máximo Torero, 1999. "Los activos de los pobres en el Perú," Research Department Publications 3059, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  3. D. McFadden & J. Hausman, 1981. "Specification Tests for the Multinominal Logit Model," Working papers 292, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  4. Adolfo Figueroa & Richard Webb, 1975. "La distribución del ingreso en el Perú," Libros de otras editoriales, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, edition 1, number otr-1975-01.
  5. Javier Escobal & Marco Castillo del Castillo, 1994. "Sesgos en la medición de la inflación en contextos inflacionarios: El caso peruano," Documentos de Investigación dt21, Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE).
  6. Datt, Gaurav, 1998. "Computational tools for poverty measurement and analysis," FCND discussion papers 50, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  7. Ravallion, M. & Datt, G., 1991. "Growth and Redistribution Components of Changes in Poverty Measures," Papers 83, World Bank - Living Standards Measurement.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Javier Escobal & Jaime Saavedra-Chanduví & Máximo Torero, 1999. "Los activos de los pobres en el Perú," IDB Publications 7601, Inter-American Development Bank.
  2. Viviane Azevedo & Cesar Bouillon, 2009. "Social Mobility in Latin America: A Review of Existing Evidence," Research Department Publications 4634, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  3. Escobal, Javier & Torero, Maximo, 2003. "Adverse Geography and Differences in Welfare in Peru," Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  4. Jaime Saavedra-Chanduví, 1998. "Real Crisis or Crisis of Expectations? Employment in Peru Before and After the Structural Reforms," Research Department Publications 4148, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  5. Jaime Saavedra-Chanduví, 1998. "¿Crisis real o crisis de expectativas? El empleo en el Perú antes y después de las reformas estructurales," Research Department Publications 4149, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  6. Jackeline Velazco & Vicente Pinilla, 2012. "Peasant households' acces to land and income diversification. The Peruvian-andean case 1998-2000," Documentos de Trabajo de la Sociedad Española de Historia Agraria 1205, Sociedad Española de Historia Agraria.
  7. Javier Escobal & Máximo Torero, 2005. "Measuring the Impact of Asset Complementarities: The Case of Rural Peru," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 42(125), pages 137-164.
  8. World Bank, 2005. "Peru : Opportunities for All, Peru Poverty Assessment," World Bank Other Operational Studies 8809, The World Bank.
  9. Winters, Paul C. & Corral, Leonardo & Gordillo, Gustavo, 2001. "Rural Livelihood Strategies and Social Capital in Latin America: Implications for Rural Development Projects," Working Papers 12947, University of New England, School of Economics.
  10. Escobal, Javier, 2001. "The Determinants of Nonfarm Income Diversification in Rural Peru," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 497-508, March.
  11. Máximo Torero & Javier Escobal, 2000. "Does Geography Explain Differences in Economic Growth in Peru?," Research Department Publications 3103, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  12. Gordillo, Gustavo & Winters, Paul C. & Corral, Leonardo, 2000. "Food Insecurity and Vulnerability in Latin America and the Caribbean," Working Papers 12900, University of New England, School of Economics.
  13. Patricia Justino & Julie Litchfield & Laurence Whitehead, 2003. "The Impact of Inequality in Latin America," PRUS Working Papers 21, Poverty Research Unit at Sussex, University of Sussex.

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