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Principales retos de la negociación de un tratado de libre comercio con Estados Unidos : disciplinas en materia de inversión

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  • Jaime Zabludovsky

    (Instituto para la Integración de América Latina y el Caribe, INTAL)

  • Sergio Gómez Lora

    (Instituto para la Integración de América Latina y el Caribe, INTAL)

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    Abstract

    El Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte (TLCAN) incluyó, por primera ocasión en un tratado de libre comercio (TLC), disciplinas de amplio alcance en materia de inversión, además de un mecanismo a través del cual un inversionista puede demandar a un Estado por violación del nivel de protección previsto en el acuerdo. El tema es una alta prioridad en la agenda estadounidense de negociaciones comerciales internacionales y ha sido incorporado en los tratados de libre comercio que este país ha negociado en el hemisferio después del TLCAN, Chile (TLC Chile) y Centroamérica (TLCCA). Además, seguramente formará parte de los acuerdos entre Estados Unidos (EE.UU.) y los países andinos, ya que constituye uno de los grandes intereses ofensivos estadounidenses. En este mismo contexto, en caso de que el ALCA prospere, muy probablemente incluirá un mecanismo de solución de controversias inversionista-Estado. Una vez dicho esto, el capítulo de inversión del TCLAN ha sido objeto de enorme controversia debido al potencial alcance de las decisiones emitidas por los paneles constituidos en virtud del denominado mecanismo inversionista-Estado

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, INTAL in its series INTAL Working Papers with number 2826.

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    Length: 43 p.
    Date of creation: Aug 2005
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:idb:intalp:2826

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    Keywords: MERCADO COMUN CENTROAMERICANO; MCCA; NEGOCIACIONES COMERCIALES; LIBERALIZACION DEL COMERCIO; INVERSIONES; ACUERDOS COMERCIALES BILATERALES; SOLUCION DE CONTROVERSIAS;

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