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Geografía y desarrollo económico en México

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  • Gerardo Esquivel

Abstract

Este trabajo analiza el papel de las características geográficas en la explicación del patrón de desarrollo económico regional en México. Los resultados obtenidos demuestran que algunas variables geográficas, como el clima y la vegetación, explican una parte importante de las diferencias que existen tanto en el nivel como en la tasa de crecimiento del ingreso per capita entre los estados mexicanos. Un análisis simple de los determinantes de la esperanza de vida y de la escolaridad promedio demuestra que los aspectos geográficos también juegan un papel importante en la explicación de los diferenciales inter-estatales de estas variables en México. Estos resultados sugieren que una posible influencia de la geografía en el desarrollo económico regional se da a través de su efecto en el capital humano. Finalmente, este trabajo examina la contribución de las variables geográficas a la desigualdad regional en México. Los resultados de este ejercicio demuestran que los factores geográficos son los que más han contribuido a la desigualdad regional en México.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank in its series IDB Publications with number 7609.

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Date of creation: Apr 2000
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Handle: RePEc:idb:brikps:7609

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Keywords: Pobreza; Empleo; Educación; Desarrollo y crecimiento económicos; esperanza de vida; ingresos; desigualdad regional; geografía; condiciones económicas; R-389;

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  1. V. V. Chari & Patrick J. Kehoe & Ellen R. McGrattan, 1997. "The poverty of nations: a quantitative exploration," Staff Report, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis 204, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  2. Ellen R. McGrattan & James A. Schmitz, Jr., 1998. "Explaining cross-country income differences," Staff Report, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis 250, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
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  7. David E. Bloom & Jeffrey D. Sachs, 1998. "Geography, Demography, and Economic Growth in Africa," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 29(2), pages 207-296.
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Cited by:
  1. Luisa Decuir-Viruez, 2003. "Institutional Factors in the Economic growth of Mexico," ERSA conference papers ersa03p264, European Regional Science Association.

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