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Simplificación del registro laboral en Argentina: Logros obtenidos y problemas pendientes

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  • Lucas Ronconi
  • Jorge Colina

Abstract

En este documento se describen las reformas dirigidas a simplificar el registro laboral y el pago de contribuciones sociales implementadas en Argentina en 2005 y 2007. En base al análisis de la normativa y a una encuesta a contadores, resulta que las reformas redujeron la carga administrativa, pero sólo parcialmente. Utilizando microdatos provenientes de las encuestas de hogares realizadas entre 2003 y 2009, y aprovechando las discontinuidades por tamaño de firma que genera la legislación, se estiman coeficientes de diferencias en diferencias del impacto de las reformas simplificadoras sobre el mercado de trabajo. Los resultados indican que las reformas simplificadoras tuvieron un efecto positivo y pequeño sobre la tasa de registro laboral (de aproximadamente 2 puntos porcentuales para el total de los trabajadores y 9 puntos porcentuales para los nuevos contratados), pero no habrían impactado sobre el nivel de empleo. Finalmente, se presentan recomendaciones de política dirigidas a profundizar el proceso de simplificación administrativa con vistas a mejorar su efectividad como mecanismo de mayor registro laboral.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank in its series IDB Publications with number 53678.

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Date of creation: Oct 2011
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Handle: RePEc:idb:brikps:53678

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Keywords: Relaciones laborales; Política de empleo; simplificación; registro; impuestos; mercado de trabajo; informalidad; Argentina;

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  1. Bruhn, Miriam, 2008. "License to sell : the effect of business registration reform on entrepreneurial activity in Mexico," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4538, The World Bank.
  2. David Kaplan & Eduardo Piedra & Enrique Seira, 2006. "Are Burdensome Registration Procedures an Important Barrier on Firm Creation? Evidence from Mexico," Discussion Papers, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research 06-013, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research.
  3. Goldberg, Pinelopi Koujianou & Pavcnik, Nina, 2003. "The Response of the Informal Sector to Trade Liberalization," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 3874, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Lucas Ronconi, 2010. "Enforcement and Compliance with Labor Regulations," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 63(4), pages 719-736, July.
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