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El empleo informal en América Latina y el Caribe: Causas, consecuencias y recomendaciones de política

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  • Samuel Freije
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    Abstract

    La expansión del empleo informal en las últimas décadas ha venido acompañada por una falta de protección social y un empleo de baja productividad y bajos salarios. En este informe se resumen las características y los principales aspectos del sector informal en América Latina y el Caribe. En la sección 2 se ilustra el tamaño y la tendencia del sector informal en la región y se describen las características del empleo y los salarios de los trabajadores informales. En las secciones 3 y 4 se examinan las causas y las consecuencias de la informalidad. Por último, en la sección 5 se presentan las conclusiones y recomendaciones de política.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank in its series IDB Publications with number 53018.

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    Date of creation: 2002
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    Handle: RePEc:idb:brikps:53018

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    Related research

    Keywords: Población activa y empleo; Política de empleo; Seguridad social; empleo informal; subempleo; informalidad;

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    1. Douglas Marcouiller, S.J. & Veronica Ruiz de Castilla & Christopher Woodruff, 1995. "Formal Measures of the Informal Sector Wage Gap in Mexico, El Salvador, and Peru," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 294., Boston College Department of Economics.
    2. Drusilla K. Brown & Alan V. Deardorff & Robert M. Stern, 2001. "Labor Standards: Where Do They Belong on the International Trade Agenda?," Discussion Papers Series, Department of Economics, Tufts University 0113, Department of Economics, Tufts University.
    3. Loayza, Norman A., 1997. "The economics of the informal sector : a simple model and some empirical evidence from Latin America," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1727, The World Bank.
    4. Maloney, William F, 1999. "Does Informality Imply Segmentation in Urban Labor Markets? Evidence from Sectoral Transitions in Mexico," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 13(2), pages 275-302, May.
    5. Eduardo Lora & Mauricio Olivera, 1998. "Macro Policy and Employment Problems in Latin America," IDB Publications 6438, Inter-American Development Bank.
    6. Tannen, Michael B, 1991. "Labor Markets in Northeast Brazil: Does the Dual Market Model Apply?," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 39(3), pages 567-83, April.
    7. repec:fth:inadeb:425 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Mazumdar, Dipak, 1976. "The urban informal sector," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 4(8), pages 655-679, August.
    9. Funkhouser, Edward, 1996. "The urban informal sector in Central America: Household survey evidence," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 24(11), pages 1737-1751, November.
    10. MacIsaac, Donna & Rama, Martin, 1997. "Determinants of Hourly Earnings in Ecuador: The Role of Labor Market Regulations," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 15(3), pages S136-65, July.
    11. Fields, Gary S., 1975. "Rural-urban migration, urban unemployment and underemployment, and job-search activity in LDCs," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 2(2), pages 165-187, June.
    12. Gustavo Márquez, 2000. "Labor Markets and Income Support: What Did We Learn from the Crises?," IDB Publications 6473, Inter-American Development Bank.
    13. Mead, Donald C. & Morrisson, Christian, 1996. "The informal sector elephant," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 24(10), pages 1611-1619, October.
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