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Government Policies Affecting Forests in Latin America: An Agenda for Discussion


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  • Jan G. Laarman
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    This paper identifies policy issues that affect the extent, distribution, and condition of forests in Latin America. Forest management policies are only one element in the framework; policies related to agricultural development and land tenure can have potentially negative consequences for forests. Mineral exploration, hydroelectric reservoirs, highway projects, and urban expansion also have impacts on forest conversion. Finally, macroeconomic policies affect forests through their impact on investment, public spending, foreign trade, and other economic variables that have consequences for land use. Examples of the Bank's lending for forests as integrated with agricultural structural adjustment loans (AGSALs) in Honduras, Nicaragua, and Peru are presented.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank in its series IDB Publications with number 25498.

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    Date of creation: Jan 1995
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    Handle: RePEc:idb:brikps:25498

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    Keywords: Fiscal Policy; Trade Agreements; Agricultural policy; Environmental Policy; Forests & forestry; forest conservation; macroeconomic; trade policies; wildlands;


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    1. Gottfried, Robert R. & Brockett, Charles D. & Davis, William C., 1994. "Models of sustainable development and forest resource management in Costa Rica," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 107-120, February.
    2. Bromley, Daniel W., 1989. "Property relations and economic development: The other land reform," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 17(6), pages 867-877, June.
    3. Robert T. Deacon, 1994. "Deforestation and the Rule of Law in a Cross-Section of Countries," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 70(4), pages 414-430.
    4. Daly, Herman E., 1990. "Carrying capacity as a tool of development policy: the Ecuadoran Amazon and the Paraguayan Chaco," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 2(3), pages 187-195, October.
    5. Hyde, W.F. & Newman, D.H. & Sedjo, R.A., 1991. "Forest Economics and Policy Analysis," World Bank - Discussion Papers, World Bank 134, World Bank.
    6. Ian Coxhead & Sisira Jayasuriya, 1994. "Technical Change in Agriculture and Land Degradation in Developing Countries: A General Equilibrium Analysis," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 70(1), pages 20-37.
    7. Laarman, Jan G., 1993. "Evaluating Environmental Impacts Of Rural Development Projects," Working Papers, Environmental and Natural Resources Policy Training Project 11896, Environmental and Natural Resources Policy Training Project.
    8. Ernesto Sepúlveda & Germán Coloma & Ana María Gómez & Rossana Corona & Juan Pablo Trujillo & Lino Jaramillo & Pablo Gerchunoff & Luis Alberto Zuleta & Gustavo Adolfo Ramírez & Dominique Hachette & Gui, . "Privatization in Latin America," IDB Publications 44638, Inter-American Development Bank.
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    Cited by:
    1. Céline Charvériat, 2000. "Desastres naturales en América Latina y el Caribe: panorámica general del riesgo," Research Department Publications, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department 4234, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    2. Markku Simula, 1999. "Trade and Environmental Issues in Forest Production," IDB Publications 25678, Inter-American Development Bank.
    3. Céline Charvériat, 2000. "Natural Disasters in Latin America and the Caribbean: An Overview of Risk," Research Department Publications, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department 4233, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    4. Olli Haltia & Kari Keipi, 1997. "Financing Forest Investments in Latin America: The Issue of Incentives," IDB Publications 25518, Inter-American Development Bank.
    5. Ramón López, 1996. "Policy Instruments and Financing Mechanisms for the Sustainable Use of Forests in Latin America," IDB Publications 25538, Inter-American Development Bank.


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