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Außenwirtschaftliche Verbindungen der deutschen Bundesländer zur Republik Österreich

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Author Info

  • Anselm Mattes

    ()

  • Julia Spies

    ()

Abstract

Sowohl beim Außenhandel wie auch bei den Direktinvestitionen weisen insbesondere große und nahe gelegene Bundesländer eine starke Verflechtung mit Österreich auf, wobei traditionelle Sektoren wie der Maschinen- und Kraftwagenbau im Außenhandel noch immer eine dominante Position einnehmen. Die vorliegende Studie untersucht für den Zeitraum 1996-2006 Struktur, Determinanten und Potenziale der außenwirtschaftlichen Verbindungen der deutschen Bundesländer mit Österreich anhand von Export- und Importstatistiken des Statistischen Bundesamtes und der Mikrodatenbank Direktinvestitionen (MiDi) der Deutschen Bundesbank. Sowohl die deskriptiven Analysen als auch die ökonometrischen Schätzungen bestätigen eine Gravitationsbeziehung durch einen positiven Einfluss des Bruttoinlandsprodukts und einen negativen Einfluss der Distanz. Des Weiteren beeinflussen eine gemeinsame Sprache, der Euro und eine gute Infrastruktur die außenwirtschaftlichen Beziehungen. Die Berechnung der Potenzialwerte für 2006 zeigt eine Überausschöpfung des Handelsvolumens mit nahezu allen Bundesländern und eine Vollauslastung des Direktinvestitionsvolumens mit den drei größten Bundesländern - Baden-Württemberg, Bayern und Nordrhein-Westfalen.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institut für Angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung (IAW) in its series IAW Discussion Papers with number 49.

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Length: 50 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iaw:iawdip:49

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Keywords: Gravitationsgleichung; Handel; FDI; ausländische Direktinvestitionen; Handelspotenziale; Direktinvestitionspotenziale; Bundesländervergleich;

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References

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  1. Bergstrand, Jeffrey H, 1985. "The Gravity Equation in International Trade: Some Microeconomic Foundations and Empirical Evidence," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 67(3), pages 474-81, August.
  2. Kleinert, Jörn & Toubal, Farid, 2007. "Gravity for FDI," Tübinger Diskussionsbeiträge 313, University of Tübingen, School of Business and Economics.
  3. James E. Anderson & Eric van Wincoop, 2000. "Gravity with Gravitas: A Solution to the Border Puzzle," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 485, Boston College Department of Economics.
  4. Edward Christie, 2002. "Potential Trade in Southeast Europe: a Gravity Model Approach," wiiw Working Papers 21, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
  5. Fidrmuc, Jarko & Hainz, Christa, 2008. "Integrating with Their Feet: Cross-Border Lending at the German-Austrian Border," Discussion Paper Series of SFB/TR 15 Governance and the Efficiency of Economic Systems 248, Free University of Berlin, Humboldt University of Berlin, University of Bonn, University of Mannheim, University of Munich.
  6. Bougheas, Spiros & Demetriades, Panicos O. & Morgenroth, Edgar L. W., 1999. "Infrastructure, transport costs and trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 169-189, February.
  7. James R. Markusen, 2004. "Multinational Firms and the Theory of International Trade," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262633078.
  8. Kleinert, Jörn & Toubal, Farid, 2005. "Gravity for FDI," Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers 46, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
  9. Aitken, Norman D, 1973. "The Effect of the EEC and EFTA on European Trade: A Temporal Cross-Section Analysis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 63(5), pages 881-92, December.
  10. Anderson, James E, 1979. "A Theoretical Foundation for the Gravity Equation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 69(1), pages 106-16, March.
  11. Volker Nitsch, 2000. "National borders and international trade: evidence from the European Union," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 33(4), pages 1091-1105, November.
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