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Typisierung der Tarifvertragslandschaft. Eine Clusteranalyse der tarifvertraglichen Öffnungsklauseln

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  • Wolf Dieter Heinbach

    ()

  • Stefanie Schröpfer

Abstract

Tarifvertragliche Öffnungs- und Härtefallklauseln, die es Betrieben ermöglichen, von den Standards der Flächentarifverträge abzuweichen, haben in den vergangenen 15 Jahren starke Verbreitung gefunden. Die ökonomische Idee eines einheitlichen Branchentarifvertrags ist für einige Wirtschaftszweige nicht mehr haltbar, da die Unterschiede zwischen einzelnen Tarifbereichen ein und derselben Branche hinsichtlich der tarifvertraglichen Flexibilisierung zugenommen haben. Der Beitrag verwendet den IAW-Öffnungsklauseldatensatz, der differenzierte Informationen über tarifliche Öffnungs- und Härtefallklauseln bereit hält. Mit Hilfe von Korrespondenz- und Clusteranalyse werden erstmals sieben Gruppen von Tarifbereichen identifiziert, die sich in der Art der tariflichvertraglichen Öffnung unterscheiden. Die zeitliche Betrachtung der sieben Gruppen in den Jahren 1991 bis 2004 stellt typische Entwicklungspfade tariflicher Flexibilisierungsmöglichkeiten dar. Die Verknüpfung der Ergebnisse mit der Verdienststrukturerhebung 1995 und 2001 ermöglicht es zudem, die Bedeutung der Tarifbereichstypen für die Beschäftigten und Branchen des Produzierenden Gewerbes aufzuzeigen.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institut für Angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung (IAW) in its series IAW Discussion Papers with number 28.

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Length: 46 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iaw:iawdip:28

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Keywords: Öffnungsklauseln; Tarifverträge; Clusteranalyse; Korrespondenzanalyse;

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References

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  1. Wolf Dieter Heinbach, 2006. "Bargained Wages in Decentralized Wage-Setting Regimes," Diskussionspapiere aus dem Institut für Volkswirtschaftslehre der Universität Hohenheim 276/2005, Department of Economics, University of Hohenheim, Germany.
  2. Franz, Wolfgang & Gutzeit, Martin & Lessner, Jan & Oechsler, Walter A. & Pfeiffer, Friedhelm & Reichmann, Lars & Rieble, Volker & Roll, Jochen, 2000. "Flexibilisierung der Arbeitsentgelte und Beschäftigungseffekte: Ergebnisse einer Unternehmensbefragung," ZEW Dokumentationen 00-09, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  3. Franz, Wolfgang & Pfeiffer, Friedhelm, 2006. "Reasons for Wage Rigidity in Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 2017, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Gesine Stephan & Knut Gerlach, 2005. "Wage settlements and wage setting: results from a multi-level model," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(20), pages 2297-2306.
  5. Michael Greenacre, 1988. "Clustering the rows and columns of a contingency table," Journal of Classification, Springer, vol. 5(1), pages 39-51, March.
  6. Fitzenberger, Bernd & Franz, Wolfgang, 1999. "Der Flächentarifvertrag: Eine kritische Würdigung aus ökonomischer Sicht," ZEW Discussion Papers 99-57, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  7. Schnabel, Claus & Zagelmeyer, Stefan & Kohaut, Susanne, 2005. "Collective bargaining structure and its determinants : an empirical analysis with British and German establishment data," IAB Discussion Paper 200516, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  8. Büttner, Thiess & Fitzenberger, Bernd, 1998. "Central wage bargaining and local wage flexibility: evidence from the entire wage distribution," ZEW Discussion Papers 98-39, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  9. Wolf Heinbach, 2007. "Wages in wage-setting regimes with opening clauses," AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv, Springer, vol. 1(3), pages 233-245, December.
  10. Franz, Wolfgang & Pfeiffer, Friedhelm, 2001. "Tarifbindung und die ökonomische Rationalität von Lohnrigiditäten," ZEW Discussion Papers 01-01, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
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Cited by:
  1. Bohachova, Olga & Boockmann, Bernhard & Buch, Claudia M., 2011. "Labor Demand During the Crisis: What Happened in Germany?," IZA Discussion Papers 6074, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Wolf Dieter Heinbach & Stefanie Schröpfer, 2007. "What a Difference Trade Makes - Export Activity and the Flexibility of Collective Bargaining Agreements," IAW Discussion Papers 35, Institut für Angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung (IAW).
  3. Brändle, Tobias & Heinbach, Wolf Dieter & Maier, Michael F., 2011. "Tarifliche Öffnung in Deutschland: Ausmaß, Determinanten, Auswirkungen (Flexibilisation in the German system of wage bargaining: extent, determinants, impacts)," Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung - Journal for Labour Market Research, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 44(1/2), pages 163-172.
  4. repec:iab:iabzaf:v:41:i:2/3:p:287-303 is not listed on IDEAS
  5. repec:iab:iabzaf:v:44:i:1/2:p:163-172 is not listed on IDEAS

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