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Analysis of the Link between Ethanol, Energy, and Crop Markets, An

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Abstract

This study analyzes the impact of price shocks in three input and output markets critical to ethanol: gasoline, corn, and sugar. We investigate the impact of these shocks on ethanol and related agricultural markets in the United States and Brazil. We find that the composition of a country's vehicle fleet determines the direction of the response of ethanol consumption to changes in the gasoline price. We also find that a change in feedstock costs affects the profitability of ethanol producers and the domestic ethanol price. In Brazil, where two commodities compete for sugarcane, changes in the sugar market affect the competing ethanol market.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University in its series Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) Publications with number 06-wp435.

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Date of creation: Nov 2006
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Handle: RePEc:ias:cpaper:06-wp435

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Keywords: agricultural markets; energy; ethanol; renewable fuels.;

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  1. Moreira, Jose R. & Goldemberg, Jose, 1999. "The alcohol program," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(4), pages 229-245, April.
  2. Martines-Filho, Joao & Burnquist, Heloisa Lee & Vian, Carlos Eduardo de Freitas, 2006. "Bioenergy and the Rise of Sugarcane-Based Ethanol in Brazil," Choices, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 21(2).
  3. Ogenis Magno Brilhante, 1997. "Brazil's Alcohol Programme: From an Attempt to Reduce Oil Dependence in the Seventies to the Green Arguments of the Nineties," Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(4), pages 435-449.
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Cited by:
  1. Fabiosa, Jacinto F. & Beghin, John C. & Dong, Fengxia & Elobeid, Amani & Tokgoz, Simla & Yu, Tun-Hsiang, 2009. "Land Allocation Effects of the Global Ethanol Surge: Predictions from the International FAPRI Model," Staff General Research Papers 12877, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  2. Annalisa Zezza, 2007. "The economic and environmental sustainability of biofuel production," QA - Rivista dell'Associazione Rossi-Doria, Associazione Rossi Doria, issue 4, November.
  3. Doug Auld, 2008. "The Ethanol Trap: Why Policies to Promote Ethanol as Fuel Need Rethinking," C.D. Howe Institute Commentary, C.D. Howe Institute, issue 268, July.
  4. Marzoughi, Hassan & Kennedy, P. Lynn & Hilbun, Brian M., 2008. "Impact of Corn Based Ethanol Production on the U.S. High Fructose Corn Syrup (HFCS) and Sugar Markets," 2008 Annual Meeting, February 2-6, 2008, Dallas, Texas 6792, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
  5. Serra, Teresa & Gil, Jose Maria, 2012. "Biodiesel as a motor fuel price stabilization mechanism," 2012 Conference, August 18-24, 2012, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil 126056, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
  6. Du, Xiaodong, 2012. "Inside the Black Box: the Price Linkage and Transmission between Energy and Agricultural Markets," 2012 Conference, August 18-24, 2012, Foz do Iguacu, Brazil 125146, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
  7. F. Souty & T. Brunelle & P. Dumas & B. Dorin, & P. Ciais & R. Crassous, 2012. "The Nexus Land-Use Model, an Approach Articulating Biophysical Potentials and Economic Dynamics to Model Competition for Land-Uses," Working Papers 2012.16, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  8. Melo, Andre De Souza & Mota, Daniela Gonzaga Da & Lima, Ricardo Chaves, 2008. "Uma Análise Da Relação Entre Os Preços Dos Biocombustíveis E Das Culturas Alimentares No Brasil: O Caso Do Setor Sucroalcooleiro," 46th Congress, July 20-23, 2008, Rio Branco, Acre, Brasil 109701, Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administracao e Sociologia Rural (SOBER).

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