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Unemployment benefit II, unemployment and health

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  • Eggs, Johannes

    ()
    (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany])

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    Abstract

    "Objectives: A multitude of studies has established a negative relationship between unemployment and health. With the 'Hartz-reforms', unemployment benefit II was introduced in 2005. Whether unemployment benefit II receipt has an impact, additional to unemployment, on health, is investigated. Methods: For this study data of the panel study 'Labour market and social security' is used. The sample consists out of 14.282 respondents aged 18 to 65, who participated up to five years from 2006 to 2011. Measures of subjective health by social status were analyzed using Fixed Effect panel models. Results: Unemployment is negatively and significantly associated with subjective health. A weaker negative association is found for the receipt of unemployment benefit II. Separated by gender, different patterns of associations emerge. For men, an additive association for unemployment and unemployment benefit II is found. For women effect of unemployment alone is sometimes significantly, stronger than the combined effect of unemployment and the receipt of unemployment benefit II. The differences are smaller, after restricting the analysis sample on unemployed and employed. For mediator variables like income and partnership no consistent associations with subjective health are found. Discussion: Unemployment and unemployment benefit II receipt should be used as separate factors when analyzing subjective health. Employment is positively associated with health, even if the employment provides insufficient resources for maintaining an appropriate standard of living and unemployment benefit II is needed to provide for the basic needs." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany] in its series IAB Discussion Paper with number 201312.

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    Length: 46 pages
    Date of creation: 11 Sep 2013
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    Handle: RePEc:iab:iabdpa:201312

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    Keywords: Arbeitslosengeld II-Empfänger; Gesundheit; Arbeitslosigkeit - Auswirkungen; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren;

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    References

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    1. Siegrist, Johannes, 2000. "Place, social exchange and health: proposed sociological framework," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 51(9), pages 1283-1293, November.
    2. Roelfs, David J. & Shor, Eran & Davidson, Karina W. & Schwartz, Joseph E., 2011. "Losing life and livelihood: A systematic review and meta-analysis of unemployment and all-cause mortality," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 72(6), pages 840-854, March.
    3. Jan Marcus, 2012. "Does Job Loss Make You Smoke and Gain Weight?," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 432, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
    4. Huber, Martin & Lechner, Michael & Wunsch, Conny, 2009. "Does Leaving Welfare Improve Health? Evidence for Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 4370, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    5. Schmitz, Hendrik, 2011. "Why are the unemployed in worse health? The causal effect of unemployment on health," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 71-78, January.
    6. Mark Trappman & Stefanie Gundert & Claudia Wenzig & Daniel Gebhardt, 2010. "PASS – A Household Panel Survey for Research on Unemployment and Poverty," Schmollers Jahrbuch : Journal of Applied Social Science Studies / Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 130(4), pages 609-622.
    7. Eichhorst, Werner & Grienberger-Zingerle, Maria & Konle-Seidl, Regina, 2006. "Activation Policies in Germany: From Status Protection to Basic Income Support," IZA Discussion Papers 2514, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    8. László, Krisztina D. & Pikhart, Hynek & Kopp, Mária S. & Bobak, Martin & Pajak, Andrzej & Malyutina, Sofia & Salavecz, Gyöngyvér & Marmot, Michael, 2010. "Job insecurity and health: A study of 16 European countries," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 70(6), pages 867-874, March.
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