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Do changing institutional settings matter? : educational attainment and family related employment interruptions in Germany

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  • Drasch, Katrin

    (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany])

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    Abstract

    "Cross-sectional studies show that in West Germany women with different levels of educational attainment participate differently in the labor market. In this paper, I examine one potential underlying mechanism: the re-entry of mothers in the labor market after a period of inactivity. I argue that besides societal changes the reforms of parental leave legislation could be responsible for the educational divide in mothers' employment. Hypotheses are derived from human capital theory and labor supply theory assuming a rational behavior of women. Using retrospective life-course data from the IAB study ALWA, I find evidence that women with different levels of educational attainment have different re-entry patterns also when taking the educational attainment of the partner into account. Furthermore, parental leave schemes play a crucial role for re-entries. Some evidence of an educational polarization of re-entry behavior is found after the year 2000." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany] in its series IAB Discussion Paper with number 201113.

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    Length: 33 pages
    Date of creation: 24 Jun 2011
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:iab:iabdpa:201113

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    Keywords: erwerbstätige Frauen; Mütter; berufliche Reintegration; Berufsrückkehrerinnen; Erwerbsunterbrechung; IAB-Datensatz Arbeiten und Lernen; Bildungsniveau; Erziehungsurlaub; Erwerbsverhalten; Mutterschaftsurlaub; Westdeutschland; Bundesrepublik Deutschland;

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    References

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    1. Ai, Chunrong & Norton, Edward C., 2003. "Interaction terms in logit and probit models," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 80(1), pages 123-129, July.
    2. Spiess, C. Katharina & Wrohlich, Katharina, 2006. "The Parental Leave Benefit Reform in Germany: Costs and Labour Market Outcomes of Moving towards the Scandinavian Model," IZA Discussion Papers 2372, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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    4. Annette Bergemann & Regina T. Riphahn, 2009. "Female Labor Supply and Parental Leave Benefits - The Causal Effect of Paying Higher Transfers for a Shorter Period of Time," CESifo Working Paper Series 2578, CESifo Group Munich.
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    9. Fiona Steele, 2008. "Multilevel models for longitudinal data," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 171(1), pages 5-19.
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    11. Weber, Andrea Maria, 2004. "Wann kehren junge Mütter auf den Arbeitsmarkt zurück? : eine Verweildaueranalyse für Deutschland," Publications of Darmstadt Technical University, Institute for Business Studies (BWL) 22617, Darmstadt Technical University, Department of Business Administration, Economics and Law, Institute for Business Studies (BWL).
    12. Karin Gottschall & Katherine Bird, 2003. "Family Leave Policies and Labor Market Segregation in Germany: Reinvention or Reform of the Male Breadwinner Model? -super-1," Review of Policy Research, Policy Studies Organization, vol. 20(1), pages 115-134, 03.
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    18. repec:iza:izadps:dp509 is not listed on IDEAS
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