Competition and Participation in Religious Markets: Evidence from Victorian Scotland
AbstractIn 1885, the largest churches in Scotland were engaged in a dispute about state funding. We use data generated in the course of that dispute to examine the standard economics of religion hypothesis that higher levels of competition in 1032 local markets for religious services, proxied by the number of denominations active in each, were associated with higher religious affiliation, proxied by measures of attendance and voluntary congregational giving. Adapting the complexity order approach of Montgomery (2003), we find evidence that is congruent with the hypothesis. However, we contend that the evidence is better explained by an alternative proposition that, given the particular institutional structure of markets and denominations at this time, market complexity does not decline with increasing market size
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Department of Economics, School of Management and Languages, Heriot Watt University in its series Working Papers with number E01.
Date of creation: 2006
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Competition; institutional structure; Presbyterian; Scotland;
Other versions of this item:
- Robert Mochrie & John Sawkins & Alexander Naumov, 2008. "Competition and Participation in Religious Markets: Evidence from Victorian Scotland," Review of Social Economy, Taylor and Francis Journals, vol. 66(4), pages 437-467.
- L88 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Government Policy
- N93 - Economic History - - Regional and Urban History - - - Europe: Pre-1913
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2006-12-16 (All new papers)
- NEP-HIS-2006-12-16 (Business, Economic & Financial History)
- NEP-SOC-2006-12-16 (Social Norms & Social Capital)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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