The Political Economy of Macroeconomic Developments, Central Bank and Tax System
AbstractEstonia has made significant progress in the liberalisation of the economy and in macroeconomic stabilisation during the last years of economic transition. Tight monetary and fiscal policies have been the main factors of the macroeconomic stabilisation, and there are some important signs concerning the early stages of economic recovery. Some precautionary remarks include: a rapidly increasing trade balance deficit, high inflation, problems with collecting budgetary revenue, tax avoidance (and great tax arrears), the deepening of economic inequality, and increased political pressure by various interest groups to change successful economic policies. The currency board system with a pegged exchange rate regime is the corners tone of Estonian monetary policy. Some empirical results of the Estonian commercial banking systems performance is analysed and presented in the paper. For example, there was an overall decline in market-determined interest rates and the interest rate spread decreased substantially over the last year.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation, Heriot Watt University in its series CERT Discussion Papers with number 9606.
Date of creation: 1996
Date of revision:
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-1998-10-19 (All new papers)
- NEP-EEC-1998-10-19 (European Economics)
- NEP-PBE-1998-10-19 (Public Economics)
- NEP-POL-1998-10-19 (Positive Political Economics)
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- repec:imf:imfpdp:9418 is not listed on IDEAS
- Hillman, Arye L., 1994. "The transition from socialism: An overview from a political economy perspective," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 10(1), pages 191-225, May.
- Tapio Saavalainen, 1995. "Stabilization in the Baltic Countries - A Comparative Analysis," IMF Working Papers 95/44, International Monetary Fund.
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