The ‘Transaction Cost Approach’ and the Performance of the Belgian Dairy Co-operatives Before 1940
AbstractWe see that Belgian industrial dairy production before World War II lagged the developments of other countries in the same region and of the same size such as Denmark and The Netherlands. The share of home production remained remarkably high, while within the industrial segment the number of private to co-operative creameries was high compared to the more successful countries. We argue that this is no coincidence. Co-operative creameries were better suited to deal with the problems posed by the organisation and technology of dairy production at the time. The lacklustre performance of the Belgian dairy industry was therefore connected to the underdevelopment of the co-operative sector. The co-operative spirit of Belgian farmers suffered due to some historical events such as the large scale introduction of farm cream separators and especially the outbreak of World War I. This erosion of co-operative spirit diminished the attractiveness and binding power of the co-operative creameries.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, HIVA, Cera Centre for Co-operative Entrepreneurship in its series Working Papers on Social and Co-operative Entrepreneurship with number 0902.
Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2009
Date of revision:
Contact details of provider:
Postal: Parkstraat 47 bus 5300, B-3000 Leuven
Phone: +32 (0)16 32 33 33
Fax: +32 (0)16 32 33 44
Web page: http://www.cooperatiefondernemen.be
More information through EDIRC
Dairy Industry; Co-operatives; Creameries;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- L14 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Transactional Relationships; Contracts and Reputation
- N53 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries - - - Europe: Pre-1913
- N54 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries - - - Europe: 1913-
- Q13 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AGR-2009-08-02 (Agricultural Economics)
- NEP-ALL-2009-08-02 (All new papers)
- NEP-HIS-2009-08-02 (Business, Economic & Financial History)
- NEP-SBM-2009-08-02 (Small Business Management)
You can help add them by filling out this form.
reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.Access and download statisticsgeneral information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Sonja Wuyts) The email address of this maintainer does not seem to be valid anymore. Please ask Sonja Wuyts to update the entry or send us the correct address.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.