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The economics of TARGET2 balances

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  • Ulrich Bindseil
  • Philipp Johann König
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    Abstract

    It has recently been argued that intra-eurosystem claims and liabilities in the form of TARGET2 balances would raise fundamental issues within the European monetary union. This article provides a framework for the economic analysis of TARGET2 balances and discusses the key arguments behind this recent debate. The analysis is conducted within a system of financial accounts in which TARGET2 balances can arise either due to current account transactions or cross-border capital flows. It is argued that the recent volatility of TARGET2 balances reflects capital flow movements, while the previously prevailing current account positions did not find a strong reflection in TARGET2 balances. Some recent statements regarding TARGET2 appear to be due to a failure to distinguish between the monetary base (a central bank liability concept) and the liquidity deficit of the banking system vis-à-vis the central bank (a central bank asset concept). Furthermore, the article highlights the importance of TARGET2 for the stability of the euro area and points out that the proposal to limit the size of TARGET2 liabilities essentially contradicts the idea of a monetary union.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany in its series SFB 649 Discussion Papers with number SFB649DP2011-035.

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    Length: 30 pages
    Date of creation: Jun 2011
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:hum:wpaper:sfb649dp2011-035

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    Keywords: TARGET2; central bank balance sheet; liquidity deficit; financial crisis;

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    References

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    1. Lu Lin & Feng Li & Lixing Zhu & Wolfgang Karl Härdle, 2011. "Mean Volatility Regressions," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2011-003, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    2. Markus Reiß, 2011. "Asymptotic equivalence and sufficiency for volatility estimation under microstructure noise," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2011-028, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    3. Dirk Hofmann & Salmai Qari, 2011. "The Law of Attraction: Bilateral Search and Horizontal Heterogeneity," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2011-017, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    4. Esra Akdeniz Duran & Wolfgang Karl Härdle & Maria Osipenko, 2011. "Difference based Ridge and Liu type Estimators in Semiparametric Regression Models," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2011-014, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    5. Burda, Michael C & Hunt, Jennifer, 2011. "What Explains the German Labor Market Miracle in the Great Recession?," CEPR Discussion Papers 8520, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    6. Wolfgang Karl Härdle & Maria Osipenko, 2011. "Spatial Risk Premium on Weather Derivatives and Hedging Weather Exposure in Electricity," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2011-013, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    7. Beresford, Alastair R. & Kübler, Dorothea & Preibusch, Sören, 2010. "Unwillingness to Pay for Privacy: A Field Experiment," IZA Discussion Papers 5017, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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    9. Markus Reiß & Yves Rozenholc & Charles A. Cuenod, 2011. "Pointwise adaptive estimation for quantile regression," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2011-029, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    10. Gunda-Alexandra Detmers & Dieter Nautz, 2012. "The information content of central bank interest rate projections: Evidence from New Zealand," Reserve Bank of New Zealand Discussion Paper Series DP2012/03, Reserve Bank of New Zealand.
    11. Alexander Meyer-Gohde, 2011. "Sticky Information and Determinacy," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2011-006, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    12. Wolfgang Karl Härdle & Brenda López Cabrera & Ostap Okhrin & Weining Wang, 2011. "Localising temperature risk," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2011-001, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    13. Wolfgang Karl Härdle & Vladimir Spokoiny & Weining Wang, 2011. "Local Quantile Regression," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2011-005, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    14. Strohsal, Till & Weber, Enzo, 2010. "Mean-Variance Cointegration and the Expectations Hypothesis," University of Regensburg Working Papers in Business, Economics and Management Information Systems 442, University of Regensburg, Department of Economics.
    15. Shuzhuan Zheng & Lijian Yang & Wolfgang Karl Härdle, 2011. "A Confidence Corridor for Sparse Longitudinal Data Curves," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2011-002, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    16. Sigbert Klinke, 2011. "Developing web-based tools for the teaching of statistics: Our Wikis and the German Wikipedia," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2011-030, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    17. Johanna Kappus & Markus Reiß, 2011. "Estimation of the characteristics of a Lévy process observed at arbitrary frequency," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2011-027, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    18. Juliane Scheffel, 2011. "How do Unusual Working Schedules Affect Social Life?," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2011-025, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    19. Rong Liu & Lijian Yang & Wolfgang Karl Härdle, 2011. "Oracally Efficient Two-Step Estimation of Generalized Additive Model," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2011-016, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    20. Juliane Scheffel, 2011. "Identifying the Effect of Temporal Work Flexibility on Parental Time with Children," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2011-024, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    21. Esra Akdeniz Duran & Mengmeng Guo & Wolfgang Karl Härdle, 2011. "A Confidence Corridor for Expectile Functions," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2011-004, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    22. Xiaoliang Liu & Wei Xu & Martin Odening, 2011. "Can crop yield risk be globally diversified?," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2011-018, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
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    Cited by:
    1. De Grauwe, Paul & Ji,Yuemei, 2012. "What Germany should fear most is its own fear: An analysis of Target2 and current account imbalances," CEPS Papers 7280, Centre for European Policy Studies.
    2. Ulrich Bindseil & Philippine Cour- Thiman & König Philipp, 2011. "Weitere Anmerkungen zur Debatte um Target2 während der Finanzkrise," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 64(16), pages 79-86, 09.
    3. Stefan Homburg, 2011. "Anmerkungen zum Target2-Streit," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 64(16), pages 46-50, 09.
    4. Abad, José M. & Löffler, Axel & Zemanek, Holger, 2011. "TARGET2 Unlimited: Monetary Policy Implications of Asymmetric Liquidity Management within the Euro Area," CEPS Papers 5904, Centre for European Policy Studies.

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