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Foreign and Domestic R&D Investment

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  • Rene Belderbos
  • Kyoji Fukao
  • Tomoko Iwasa

Abstract

A considerable share of R&D investment is due to multinational firms that simultaneously operate R&D bases at home and abroad. The existing empirical literature on R&D investment has however ignored the possibility that domestic and foreign R&D investments are simultaneously decided. In this paper, we draw on the technological opportunity, appropriability, and demand framework suggested by Cohen and Klepper (1996) to develop a simple model of foreign and domestic R&D investment. We test the model's predictions concerning the ratio of foreign to domestic R&D investment on a sample of 146 Japanese multinational firms' R&D investments in Japan and the United States in 1996. The empirical results confirm that the foreign R&D ratio depends on relative technological opportunities, relative demand conditions, and a proxy for firm-level R&D productivity. When differentiating between research and development activities, foreign research is driven by technological opportunity and foreign development by the demand factor, as expected.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University in its series Hi-Stat Discussion Paper Series with number d05-140.

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Date of creation: Feb 2006
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Handle: RePEc:hst:hstdps:d05-140

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Keywords: R&D; multinational firms; Foreign Direct Investment;

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  1. von Zedtwitz, Maximilian & Gassmann, Oliver, 2002. "Market versus technology drive in R&D internationalization: four different patterns of managing research and development," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(4), pages 569-588, May.
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Cited by:
  1. Gary Cook & Naresh Pandit & Hans Loof & Bˆrje Johansson, 2011. "The Influence of Clustering on MNE Location and Innovation in Great Britain," ERSA conference papers ersa10p1489, European Regional Science Association.
  2. De Prato, Giuditta & Nepelski, Daniel, 2012. "Global technological collaboration network. Network analysis of international co-inventions," MPRA Paper 38818, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Vandana Ujjual & Parimal Patel & Rishikesha T. Krishnan & Srivardhini Keshavamurthy & RueyLin Hsiao & Frank Yan Zhao, 2011. "Management and Organisation of Knowledge Creation in Emerging Markets: a Perspective from subsidiaries of EU MNEs," SPRU Working Paper Series 192, SPRU - Science and Technology Policy Research, University of Sussex.
  4. Hall, Bronwyn H., 2011. "The internationalization of R&D," MERIT Working Papers 049, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
  5. Nepelski, Daniel & De Prato, Giuditta, 2011. "Internationalisation of ICT R&D in Asia vis a vis the world regions," MPRA Paper 39281, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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