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Bootstrap Inference for Impulse Response Functions in Factor-Augmented Vector Autoregressions

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  • Yohei Yamamoto

Abstract

This paper investigates structural identification and residual-based bootstrap inference schemes for impulse response functions (IRFs) in factor-augmented vector autoregressions (FAVARs). I first discuss general conditions for structural identification, which also resolve the random rotation of the principal components estimates. I also provide empirically popular three such identification schemes: short-run, long-run and contemporaneous restrictions with sign restrictions. Second, two bootstrap procedures for the identified structural IRFs are compared: A) bootstrap with factor estimation and B) bootstrap without factor estimation. Although both procedures are asymptotically valid in the first-order under √T/N→0 (T and N are the time and the cross sectional dimensions), the errors in the factor estimation produce higher-order discrepancies. The asymptotic normal intervals also tend to provide smaller coverage ratios and are quite erratic. Monte Carlo simulations and an empirical example confirm the theoretical findings.

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File URL: http://gcoe.ier.hit-u.ac.jp/research/discussion/2008/pdf/gd12-249.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University in its series Global COE Hi-Stat Discussion Paper Series with number gd12-249.

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Date of creation: Oct 2012
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Handle: RePEc:hst:ghsdps:gd12-249

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Keywords: structural identification; principal components; factor rotation; coverage ratios; factor estimation errors;

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  1. Juan F. Rubio-Ramírez & Daniel F.Waggoner & Tao Zha, 2008. "Structural vector autoregressions: theory of identification and algorithms for inference," Working Paper 2008-18, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta.
  2. Jushan Bai & Serena Ng, 2002. "Determining the Number of Factors in Approximate Factor Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 70(1), pages 191-221, January.
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    • Domenico Giannone & Lucrezia Reichlin & Luca Sala, 2005. "Monetary Policy in Real Time," NBER Chapters, in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2004, Volume 19, pages 161-224 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Ben S. Bernanke & Jean Boivin & Piotr Eliasz, 2004. "Measuring the Effects of Monetary Policy: A Factor-Augmented Vector Autoregressive (FAVAR) Approach," NBER Working Papers 10220, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Uhlig, Harald, 1999. "What are the Effects of Monetary Policy on Output? Results from an Agnostic Identification Procedure," CEPR Discussion Papers 2137, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  8. Moench, Emanuel, 2008. "Forecasting the yield curve in a data-rich environment: A no-arbitrage factor-augmented VAR approach," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 146(1), pages 26-43, September.
  9. Lutz Kilian, 1998. "Small-Sample Confidence Intervals For Impulse Response Functions," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 80(2), pages 218-230, May.
  10. Ang, Andrew & Piazzesi, Monika, 2003. "A no-arbitrage vector autoregression of term structure dynamics with macroeconomic and latent variables," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(4), pages 745-787, May.
  11. Jushan Bai, 2003. "Inferential Theory for Factor Models of Large Dimensions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(1), pages 135-171, January.
  12. Jushan Bai & Serena Ng, 2006. "Confidence Intervals for Diffusion Index Forecasts and Inference for Factor-Augmented Regressions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 74(4), pages 1133-1150, 07.
  13. Olivier Jean Blanchard & Danny Quah, 1988. "The Dynamic Effects of Aggregate Demand and Supply Disturbances," NBER Working Papers 2737, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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