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Institution-Induced Productivity Differences and Patterns of International Capital Flows

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  • Kiminori Matsuyama

Abstract

This paper presents a stylized model of the world economy to study how the crosscountry differences in the institutional quality (IQ) of the domestic credit markets shape the patterns of international capital flows when such IQ differences also cause productivity differences across countries. Institution affects productivity by changing the composition of credit across heterogeneous investment projects with different productivity. Such institution-induced productivity differences are shown to have effects on the investment and capital flows that are opposite of exogenous productivity differences. This implies that the overall effect of IQ could generate U-shaped responses of the investment and capital flows, which means, among other things, that capital flows out from middle-income countries and flows into both low-income and high-income countries, and that, starting from a very low IQ, a country could experience both a growth and a current account surplus after a successful institutional reform. More generally, it provides some cautions when interpreting the empirical evidence on the role of productivity differences and institutional differences on capital flows.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University in its series Global COE Hi-Stat Discussion Paper Series with number gd10-179.

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Date of creation: Mar 2011
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Handle: RePEc:hst:ghsdps:gd10-179

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Keywords: Institution-dependent productivity-agency cost trade-off; Endogenous productivity through the composition of credit across heterogeneous investment projects; Pledgeability approach to modeling credit market imperfections; Reverse capital flows; Chains of comparative advantage in intertemporal trade; Strict logsubmodularity; Envelope Theorem;

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