The Effect of Academic Background on Household Portfolio Selection: Evidence from Japanese Repeated Cross Section Data
AbstractThis paper investigates whether the participation costs play an important role in explaining the households' limited stock market participation in Japan. In order to identify such costs, we focus on the difference of stock holding probability between two household groups whose financial literacy are a priori considered to be different: college-graduate households and non-college-graduate households. Our empirical analysis is utilizing Fairlie (1999, 2005)'s Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition technique in order to decompose the differences that observed in the Japanese repeated cross section survey data. Estimation results show that (1) the participation probability amounts to 35% for college-graduate households, while 18% of non-college-graduate households have stocks, (2) only 30-50% of the differences can be explained by the social and economic attributes, especially by income, wealth and the size of household heads' place of work. These findings imply the existence of participation costs based on the financial literacy.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University in its series Global COE Hi-Stat Discussion Paper Series with number gd10-149.
Date of creation: Aug 2010
Date of revision:
Limited market participation; participation costs; Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
- G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2011-02-26 (All new papers)
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- Hiroshi Fujiki & Naohisa Hirakata & Etsuro Shioji, 2012. "Aging and Household Stockholdings: Evidence from Japanese Household Survey Data," IMES Discussion Paper Series 12-E-17, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan.
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