Trade, Capital Redistribution and Firm Structure
AbstractA model of heterogeneous firms with multiple products and two production factors (labor and capital) is used to study how trade liberalization affects firms' choices through both product and factor markets. Trade liberalization is shown to always redistribute capital toward more efficient firms and always to improve an industry's total factor productivity. However, it may reduce capital prices and cause labor productivity to drop. Low efficiency firms are affected mainly by changes in the factor market, while high efficiency firms are affected mainly by changes in the product market. In response to trade liberalization, low efficiency firms always reduce their product scope, but high efficiency firms may expand their scope. The model demonstrates the importance of the interplay between product and factor markets.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University in its series Global COE Hi-Stat Discussion Paper Series with number gd10-142.
Date of creation: Jun 2010
Date of revision:
firm heterogeneity; trade liberalization; multiproduct; multifactor; firm structure; scale; scope; mergers and acquisitions;
Other versions of this item:
- F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies
- F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
- F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
- L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
- L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2010-06-18 (All new papers)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Gianmarco Ottaviano & Marc J. Melitz & Thierry Mayer, 2011.
"Market size, competition, and the product mix of exporters,"
Sciences Po publications
info:hdl:2441/c8dmi8nm4pd, Sciences Po.
- Thierry Mayer & Marc Melitz & Gianmarco Ottaviano, 2011. "Market Size, Competition, and the Product Mix of Exporters," Working Papers 2011-11, CEPII research center.
- Thierry Mayer & Marc J. Melitz & Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano, 2010. "Market size, competition and the product mix of exporters," Working Paper Research 202, National Bank of Belgium.
- Thierry Mayer & Marc J. Melitz & Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano, 2011. "Market Size, Competition, and the Product Mix of Exporters," NBER Working Papers 16959, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Thierry Mayer & Marc J. Melitz & Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano, 2011. "Market Size, Competition, and the Product Mix of Exporters," Development Working Papers 316, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano.
- Mayer, Thierry & Melitz, Marc J & Ottaviano, Gianmarco Ireo Paolo, 2011. "Market Size, Competition, and the Product Mix of Exporters," CEPR Discussion Papers 8349, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Thierry Mayer & Marc J. Melitz & Gianmarco I. P. Ottaviano, 2012. "Market Size, Competition, and the Product Mix of Exporters," CEP Discussion Papers dp1146, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
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