Child Benefit and Fiscal Burden in the Endogenous Fertility Setting
AbstractThis paper analyzes the possibility of improving the efficiency of child benefit programs in an overlapping generations economy that has endogenous fertility and large government debt levels. We derive the conditions for this improvement using Representative-Consumer and Children-for-Representative-Consumers efficiency criteria in the endogenous fertility setting, as proposed by Michel and Wigniolle (2007). We find that the result crucially depends on the relative amount of accumulated government debt in the economy. When the elasticity of interest rates to child benefit is close to zero and there exists a huge amount of accumulated debt in the economy, financing child benefit programs by issuing debt and using lump-sum tax leads to RC-improvements. This finding is likely to hold in the economies of developed countries that have low fertility rates. We finally provide the implications of these findings on the real economy.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Center for Intergenerational Studies, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University in its series CIS Discussion paper series with number 533.
Length: 55 p.
Date of creation: Jan 2012
Date of revision:
Note: The views expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of JICA, the Ministry of Finance in Japan, or the Policy Research Institute.
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Endogenous fertility; Pareto-efficiency; child benefit; fiscal burden;
Other versions of this item:
- Ryo Ishida & Kazumasa Oguro & Junichiro Takahata, 2012. "Child Benefit and Fiscal Burden in the Endogenous Fertility Setting," Discussion papers ron230, Policy Research Institute, Ministry of Finance Japan.
- D9 - Microeconomics - - Intertemporal Choice
- J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
- D61 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Allocative Efficiency; Cost-Benefit Analysis
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2012-01-25 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEM-2012-01-25 (Demographic Economics)
- NEP-DGE-2012-01-25 (Dynamic General Equilibrium)
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